RIMINI                                                       1616                                               RIO NEGRO

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J. WHITCOMB RILEY

membrance of his early life on a farm in the Hoosier state (Indiana). Among his best - known productions are The Old Swimmin' Hole, Green Fields and Running Brooks, Old Fash-ioned Roses, A Child-World, Pipes o' Pan at Zekes-bury. An Old Sweetheart of Mine, Rubaiyat of Doc Sifers, The Book of Joyous Children, Songs o' Cheer and While the Heart Beats Young.

Rimini (r'm-ne), a city of Italy, on the shore of the Adriatic, 70 miles from Bologna; it is still surrounded by walls, and contains many mediaeval buildings. The spot where Csar stood to address his soldiers, after crossing the Rubicon (about ten miles northwest of Rimini), is marked on one of the squares by a monumental pillar, and beside one of the gates stands the triumphal arch, 46 feet high, erected in honor of Augustus. Population 43,590.

Rine'hart, William H., an American sculptor, was born in Frederick County, Md., Sept. 13, 1825. He received only a common-school education, and at 21 apprenticed himself to a marble-worker in Baltimore. So great was his interest in his trade and so close his attention to his duties, that in two years he was put at the head of the ornamental work. In 1855 he went to Italy with the determination to be a sculptor, and after two years' instruction and practice in Florence he brought back two bas-reliefs of such unquestioned merit, that no critic could fail to recognize his artistic talent. After remaining in Baltimore about a year, he went to Rome, where he continued until his death, his orders for portrait-busts becoming so numerous that he generally had one or two years' work ahead. A bronze statue of the late Chief Justice Taney, made by Rinehart under a commission from Maryland, was unveiled in Annapolis in 1872. Among his greatest works are the Angel of the Resurrection, Woman of Samaria and Clytie. This was on exhibition in Peabody Institute of Baltimore. He died at Rome, Oct. 28, 1874, leaving $45,000 as a fund for the aid of indigent students of art.

Rio de Jane'iro (r' dazh-na'ro), capital of Brazil, stands on the western side of one of the finest natural harbors in the world. The city and its suburbs stretch nearly ten miles along the shore, while great mountain-ranges shut in the background. About three miles southwest stands the precipitous

cone of Corcovado, up which a cog-railway carries 100,000 visitors every year to enjoy the magnificent view of land and sea. The city is the commercial as well as political capital of Brazil, sending more than half of its exports and bringing in 45 per cent, of

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the imports. The exports of Brazil in 1906 amounted to 53,059,480, the greater portion of this amount being derived from coffee. Manganese ores are largely exported from Bahia and Rio de Janeiro. At Rio, besides large flour-mills, there are important woolen factories of cloths, felts, flannels and rugs. In January of 1531 Alphonso de Sousa, a Portuguese captain, entered the bay, and, thinking it the mouth of a large river, named it Rio de Janeiro — that is, January River; but the city was not founded until 153Ŏ. Its present population, including many foreigners, is 811,265. The state of Rio de Janeiro has an area of 26,634 square miles, and population of 926,035. Rio de Janeiro is represented in the Brazilian Congress (chamber of deputies) by 17 deputies. In 1903-04 military interference in the states of the republic led to a naval revolt in the Bay of Rio de Janeiro, which was suppressed later. See Brazil.

Rio Qran'de, a large river of North America, rises in San Juan Mountains in Colorado and flows southeastward, forming the boundary between Texas and Mexico, its length being about 1,800 miles. For the most part it is a shallow stream, but steamboats can ascend it for nearly 500 miles. Its chief tributary is the Rio Pecos.

Rio Negro (r' n'gr), one of the principal affluents of the Amazon, rises as the Guiana in southeastern Colombia, and flows east into Venezuela, south into Amazonas in Brazil and again east and southeast until it joins the Amazon at Manaos, after a course estimated at 1,350