The important results of the Civil War, from a constitutional law standpoint were the overthrow of the doctrine of secession and the adoption of the last three amendments. These amendments, together with the important decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States, on questions growing out of the Civil War and the reconstruction period, will be discussed in Chapter IX (Outline Of The Constitutional, Political And Legal History Of The Thirteen Colonies, And Of The United States Prior To The Assembling Of The Federal Constitutional Convention. Section 80. English Colonization In America) of United States Constitutional Law.

The period since the Civil War has been one which has given greatly increased powers to the central government. The attempted undue exaltation of the power of the states has been succeeded by a re-action which has gone as far to the other extreme. The present tendencies of the times and the avowed purpose of a large class in the community, is towards the reduction of state governments to a position of strict subordination to the Federal authority. Clashes between the two governments are becoming very frequent as is illustrated by the San Francisco school controversy, and the injunctions recently issued by Federal courts against the enforcement of State laws.