The purposes of this treatise do not require a detailed and complete statement of the jurisdiction of the lower federal courts, but speaking generally, and excepting the less important classes of cases, the jurisdiction of the District Courts, as determined by statute, is as follows:

The District Courts have no appellate jurisdiction. Their original jurisdiction extends to all crimes, not capital, falling within the federal jurisdiction;24 all original proceedings in bankruptcy; suits at common law instituted by the United States; suits arising under the postal laws; suits to recover penalties incurred under federal laws; suits against the United States not exceeding $1,000 in amount;25 suits under the Civil Rights Elective Franchise Acts; suit brought by an alien based or in which controversy the United States are plaintiffs or petitioners, or in which there shall be a controversy between citizens of different States, in which the matter in dispute exceeds, exclusive of interest and costs, the sum or value aforesaid, or a controversy between citizens of the same State claiming lands under grants of diffetent States, or a controversy between citizens of a State and foreign States, citizens, or subjects, in which the matter in dispute exceeds, exclusive of interests and costs, the sum or value aforesaid, and shall have exclusive cognizance of all crimes and offenses cognizable under the authority of the United States, except as otherwise provided by law, and concurrent jurisdiction with the district courts of the crimes and offenses cognizable by them. But no person shall be arrested in one district for trial in another in any civil notion before a circuit or district court: and no civil suit shall be brought before either of said courts against any person by any original process or proceeding in any other district than that whereof he is an inhabitant, but where the jurisdiction is founded only on the fact that the action is between citizens of different States, suit shall be brought only in the district of the residence of either the plaintiff or the defendant; nor shall any circuit court or district court have cognizance of any suit, except upon foreign bills of exchange, to recover the contents of any promissory note or other chose in action in favor of any assignee, or of any subsequent holder if such instrument be payable to bearer and be not made by any corporation, unless such suit might have been prosecuted in such court to recover the said contents if no assignment or transfer bad been made; and the circuit courts shall also have appellate jurisdiction from the district court9 under the regulations and restrictions prescribed by law." Act August 13, 1888, 25 Stat, at L. 433.

24 This jurisdiction is concurrent with that of the Circuit Courts.

25 The Court of Claims has concurrent jurisdiction.