For many people, all that is needed is to extend their range. Thus the mystics ought to fulfill themselves also on the physiological and intellectual side. The same applies to the Liberal intellectuals and to those whose ideal is the freeing of the oppressed. Each needs to develop the sides of his personality which he has neglected.
Collective life has not the same rules of conduct as individual life, just as the morality of individuals and the morality of nations are not identical. Community life has never succeeded except during short periods. Yet it is, nevertheless, possible, even if a society contains many antisocial individuals. But its rules must be based not on philosophical concepts but on scientific ones. Since the structure of the community necessarily derives from that of individuals, scientific knowledge of individuals and their reciprocal relations ought to be the foundation of the social organization. Both Liberalism and Marxism, based alike on philosophical ideas, give a too exclusive importance to economics. But humanity is more important than economics.
Man is homo faber because he is homo sapiens. His skill in working depends on the perfect coordination between brain and hand.
Communities and industrial enterprises should be conceived as organisms whose function is to build up centers of human brotherhood where all are equal in the sense in which the Church understands men's equality; that is to say, in the sense that all are children of God.
There will always be biological inequalities, inequalities of physique, sex, vitality, intelligence and aptitude. In an organismic community, individuals are like the organs of the body, unequal in structure and potentialities but equal in that all are essential for the perfection of the brain and the soul. Social classes are thus irrelevant.
Social classes emerged originally from biological superiority. They have become odious because they have persisted after this superiority has disappeared and, most of all, because those who belong to the upper classes have exaggerated their superiority and been unwilling to recognize the nobility which exists in the lower. If biological classes cannot be suppressed, we can at least give to all the possibility of bettering their life and developing their spirit. They must be given the chance of developing feeling as well as intelligence.
Biological inequality entails inequality of earning; difference of work involves difference of life. Thus in a theatrical company, there is a difference between the actors, and when children play at coaches, one is the coachman and the other the horses.
The suppression of the Proletariat and the liberation of the oppressed should not come about through class warfare but through the abolition of social classes.
What is needed is to suppress the Proletariat by replacing it with industrial enterprise of an organismic character. If the community has an organismic character, it matters little whether the state or private individuals own the means of production, but individual ownership of house and land is indispensable.