As far back as human records can be traced, there is evidence of the desire of the race to maintain some control over the number of offspring. Some ancient peoples used herbs; others, even primitive tribes existing today, resort to the painful method of jumping up and down upon a pregnant woman's stomach, usually succeeding in killing her as well. Crude instruments resembling screw drivers or long pointed sticks have been fashioned by many uncivilized races, and used by their women in an attempt to do away with an unwanted pregnancy. There is good reason to think that such practices brought about the gradual decline and extinction of certain savage groups.

The three major risks of abortion, which represents an interference with a natural process and which Nature resents, are infection, hemorrhage and perforation. Abortion is always more dangerous than child-birth, even difficult birth, since, during labor, the uterus in which the unborn child is contained is not touched. In abortion it must be either manipulated or surgically handled, and the danger of infection is always present. In addition, abortion is a blind operation, in which the sense of touch and the experience of the doctor is all-important; an accident, a case of misjudgment, and the instrument used may perforate the uterus or the abdominal cavity, resulting in peritonitis and death.

Hemorrhage is a risk in all surgical operations and, under the furtive conditions of criminal abortion, when the doctor is anxious to have the patient leave his offices as soon as possible, it is particularly acute. The criminal abortionist cannot afford to take the precaution of permitting the patient to rest for a week or so; he wants to do as many operations in a day as he can, for profit's sake, and he clears the recovery rooms as fast: as the women can dress and leave.

When an abortion is advised for a woman in a hospital, for various legitimate reasons, rigid conditions of sterile cleanliness are observed; the danger of infection is mitigated as far as man can control. In addition, the hospital has facilities for aftercare, and measures to enforce complete rest which help the patient to recover properly, other things being equal.

In the dingy, filthy rooms where so-called doctors and even unqualified midwives perform abortions, a kitchen table serves as sole equipment ; instruments are handled carelessly; and this dangerous treatment earns from $2 to $20 for the operators. The stories that have come out of such dens are not exaggerated; the high percentage of deaths from abortion in criminal practice can be traced to the indescribable holes where these individuals seize the opportunity to make some easy money.

Under aseptic hospital conditions, anesthetics are not generally used, since they relax the muscles of the body and prevent the uterus from making the contractions that help to expel the unborn child and its surrounding tissue. High-priced abortionists administer anesthesia because it saves time and trouble-and ignore the fact it has a common aftermath of hemorrhage.

In Russia, where for a time abortion was legalized and performed in state hospitals, figures show that the death rate resulting from abortions was extremely low. Abortions were limited to the first three months of pregnancy; women who had not had children yet were refused, except in cases of medical complications; no abortion was done earlier than six months following a preceding abortion.

The Russian government, which for a time permitted voluntary abortion (since forbidden for humane or military reasons), put out bright colored posters warning women against its dangers.

The Russian government, which for a time permitted voluntary abortion (since forbidden for humane or military reasons), put out bright-colored posters warning women against its dangers.

Complications which arise as a result of abortion when performed in a hospital can be treated at once. Figures on Russia show that in 20,000 abortions done in one year, there were four cases of perforation, all operated on immediately without a death. In criminal figures, deaths from perforations are high. I have seen photographs of the internal organs of women who died after abortion, and upon whom autopsies had been performed; organs which displayed deep gashes and holes in their walls.

Even the most enthusiastic of the Russian advocates of legalized abortion, however, were appalled at the growing evidence of serious pelvic disturbances, (which women in this country refer to lightly as "women's troubles") sterility, tubal pregnancies and other complications following in the wake of abortions. Menstrual disturbances, neuroses (personality disorders) loss of sexual desire, were reported; in fact, there is no part of the reproductive organs that is not subject to disturbance after an artificial abortion.

Compare these facts, evolving from a country in which everything was done to avoid complications and after-effects, with what may and usually does happen in this country, after a criminal abortion in which from none to very few precautions are taken to prevent hemorrhage, perforation, infection.

An abortion under the best conditions, when not undertaken for a specific medical reason, such as systemic disease of the mother- tuberculosis, venereal disease, abortion which has already started spontaneously-is absolutely undesirable though its aftermath may not appear until later in life. Performed illegally, for the fat fees it commands today, it is a prelude to wrecked health, ruined marital relationships, sterility, chronic invalidism, infection-and death.

The facts I have presented are not new or startling; some of them have appeared in various places over a long period of years. But -women persist in refusing to take them seriously! In what strange special protection does the average woman place her faith when she is told the dangers of abortion, shakes her head in horror, and goes right out to make an appointment with an abortionist? If I can do nothing else to repair the damage that has been wrought in my life by abortion, I will feel partially exonerated if I can succeed in preventing some woman from endangering her happiness and her health. Have your child; take the hardships that may go with it, and make your sacrifices gladly. Don't have an abortion !