1. Conditions requiring more or less of government. Ross, Social Control, pp. 41-48; Giddings, Descriptive and Historical Sociology, pp. 519-521.

2. The conditions on which the efficiency of an organization depends.

Giddings, Elements of Sociology, pp. 222-230.

3. Describe Cooley's remedy for poor government. Social Organization, pp. 132-133.

4. The importance of leaders. Cooley, Social Organization, pp. 121-127; Human Nature, pp. 283-305; King, Social Aspects of Education, pp. 310-324; Ross, Social Control, pp. 350-359.

5. Describe some school survey, obtaining first-hand information if possible.

6. Describe some system of supervision.

7. Describe some system of inspection.

8. The function of punishment. Ross, Social Control, pp. 106-125; O'shea, Social Development and Education, pp. 346-369,499-535; Mosby, Causes and Cures of Crime, pp. 212-275, "The Theory of Punishment."


1. Are governments less moral than individuals? Compare the faculty of the school with some one teacher in it. Cooley, Social Organization, pp. 320-324.

2. Is the "consent of the governed" necessary in a prison?

3. Give illustrations from your own observation of the tendency of officers or a ruling class to become selfish. Ross, Social Control, pp. 376- 394.

4. Illustrate the distinction between inspection and supervision by examples drawn from this school.

5. In what state of mind should punishment be administered?


American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 18, pp. 77-91, Yarros, "American Lawlessness"; Vol. 22, pp. 1-18, Ross, "The Organization of Effort"; pp. 145-158, "The Organization of Will."

Ayres, The Public Schools of Springfield, Illinois.

Bagley, School Discipline, especially, pp. 14-118.

Blackmar and Gillin, Outlines of Sociology, pp. 349-369, 379-387, 388-398, 408-413.

Bureau of Education, Report, 1914, Vol. I, pp. 39-44, 70-82, 513-562, on school surveys.

Cubberley, The Portland Survey.

Cubberley, Rural Life and Education, pp. 306-327, supervision of rural schools.

Educational Review, Vol. 47, pp. 57-64, Dutton, "The Investigation of School Systems." This volume contains other discussions of school surveys, as also do the three succeeding volumes and some earlier ones.

Fairchild, Applied Sociology, pp. 325-332.

Gesell, The Normal Child and Primary Education, pp. 248-256.

Gettell, Introduction to Political Science, pp. 221-234.

Gettell, Readings in Political Science, pp. 326-340.

Giddings, Descriptive and Historical Sociology, pp. 395-423.

Giddings, Elements of Sociology, pp. 316-330.

Goodnow, Politics and Administration, pp. 10-18, separation of powers; pp. 168-198, "The Boss."

Gowin, The Executive and His Control of Men, especially Part II, pp, 95-241, "Motivating the Group."

Hayes, Introduction to the Study of Sociology, pp. 611-616, punishment.

Hollister, Administration of Education in a Democracy, pp. 221-259.

Independent, Vol. 73, pp. 1121-1127, Moore; Vol. 74, pp. 193-196, Metcalfe. Discussions of the New York survey.

McMurry, Conflicting Principles in Teaching, pp. 12-47, seeks to harmonize contrasted methods of school management.

Monroe, Cyclopedia of Education: "Administration"; "Centralization"; "Punishment, Corporal"; "Punishments and Rewards"; "School Management"; "Supervision of Teaching," with references; "Supervision and Inspection."

Morehouse, The Discipline of the School, especially pp. 1-12, 74-80, 100-120; 13-73, "Modes of School Government," three chapters; pp. 121-162, "Offenses Common in American Schools"; pp. 163-209, two chapters on punishment; bibliography.

Outlook, Vol. 85, pp. 603-608, Bručre, "Educational Efficiency: The Carnegie Foundation."

School and Home Education, Vol. 32, pp. 275, 318-322, 356-358, 363-372, rural school survey in Wisconsin.

Scott, Social Education, pp. 7-33, 43-57, 58-77, 94-101, 102-169.

Snedden and Allen, School Reports and School Efficiency.

Survey, Vol. 35, pp. 349-351, 354-361, 602-607, 610, 613, 614, survey of the University of Wisconsin.

School and Society, Vol. 4, pp. 551-556, Burns, "Cleveland Education Survey."

Towne, Social Problems, pp. 207-232, crime and punishment.

Willoughby, The Nature of the State, pp. 360-377, classification of governments.