The method of the foregoing chapters has been analytical: the aim has been to pick society to pieces and see of what elements it is composed. In Part I we analyzed the factors which go to make up society. In Part II, we have seen how these factors are interwoven to make organized community life, always in accordance with principles which vary in application as the factors vary. So far we have been studying, as it were, a cross section of society; the work might be called "Social Statics," which was the title of the first book on sociology written by Herbert Spencer. But just as anatomy and histology are preparatory to physiology, botany, zoology, psychology, and all the other studies of living things, so this microscopic dissection of society which we have been through is a preparation for the view of society as a working whole that grows by adapting itself to ever new conditions. This Part III might, therefore, be called " Social Dynamics." In the earlier part we have studied movement, it is true, but it has been movement that does not progress; our eyes have been fixed on processes, but they have been processes that repeat themselves without variation. We are now to study movements and processes which carry us to new levels. If Part II be likened to the study of a cross section, Part III should be likened to the longitudinal tracing of a fiber from beginning to end.

Part III takes the work into some new literature as well as new subjects. An adequate acquaintance with these can hardly come with the reading of short references: an hour's reading may not be enough to give an appreciation of what it is all about. Some members of the class would do well to select certain topics or authors and study them as intensively as possible while going through these chapters. The following list is suggestive merely. For more specific references, see the list at the end of each chapter.


Elaboration of the chart on page 283.

Early man in America: bibliography.

Quaternary geology, with special reference to the glacial epoch.

Eugenics: compile annotated bibliography.

The theories of recapitulation and the culture epochs.

What is progress?

Struggle as the method of progress.

Education as the method of progress.


Bagehot, Physics and Politics.

Bogardus, Introduction to Sociology.

Chapin, Social Evolution.

Conn, Social Heredity and Social Evolution.

Cooley, Social Process.

Darwin's life, writings, and influence.

Dopp, Katharine E., Industrial and Social History Series.

Ellwood, The Social Problem.

Grant, The Passing of the Great Race.

Humphrey, Mankind.

Huntington, writings.

Huxley, Life and Letters.

Keller, Societal Evolution.

Marvin, The Living Past.

Nasmyth, Social Progress and the Darwinian Theory,

Osborn, Men of the Old Stone Age.

Ripley, The Races of Europe.

Shaler, Man and the Earth.

Small, General Sociology, pp. 183-384.

Spencer, Autobiography.

Todd, Theories of Social Progress.

Wallas, The Great Society.

Wissler, The American Indian.