1. What is the density of population in this state? What state has the greatest density? The least? Census; Statistical Abstract.

2. Put on the blackboard the names of states, with their respective per cents, so as to extend the lists given on pp. 5 and 6.

3. Put figures on the blackboard to show the distribution of the population of the United States according to sex. Select the two states which represent the greatest variations from the average.

4. Do the same for the distribution according to age.

5. Do the same for the distribution between city and country.

6. How great is the variation in the proportion of children of school age to the total population? Find the states which represent the extremes.

7. Study further the distribution of the population with reference to age, occupation, and nationality. For this purpose the Twelfth Census, Occupations, is better than the Thirteenth.

8. The distinction between rural communities and urban. Gillette, Rural Sociology, pp. 9-19, 32-39; American Sociological Society, Publications, Vol. XI, "The Sociology of Rural Life," especially pp. 12-20, W. H. Wilson.

9. The variation in the number of pupils per teacher is worked out more fully for the high schools of the North Central states in the Thirteenth Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education, pp. 80-82.


1. Describe the educational system in some community that is extremely demotic. In one that is extremely genetic.

2. What are the characteristic features of education in a sparsely settled region? In a district that is densely populated?

3. Why is there variation in the proportion of children to total population? How much time is required to go from one extreme to the other? How does the transition affect the problem of providing school facilities?


Blackmar and Gillin, Outlines of Sociology, pp. 3-12.

Cofrman, Social Composition of the Teaching Population, pp. 16-25.

Deniker, The Races of Man, pp. I-II, 280-298.

Ellwood, Sociology and Modern Social Problems, pp. 168-196.

Fairbanks, Introduction to Sociology, pp. 79-86.

Fairchiid, Applied Sociology pp. 198-207, increase; 220-243, migration.

* Giddings, Principles of Sociology, pp. 70-100, 157, 168-169.

* Giddings, Elements of Sociology, pp. 22-32, 103-118.

* The asterisk is used here and throughout the volume to designate the references which are most pertinent and which might well be made required reading.

Giddings, Descriptive and Historical Sociology, pp. 72-91, 104-123.

Hayes, Introduction to the Study of Sociology, pp. 42-59, rural; 60-70, city.

Jessup, The Teaching Staff, pp. 41-53.

Keane, Ethnology, ch. I.

Keller, Societal Evolution, pp. 274-299, sparse population.

Kelsey, The Physical Basis of Society, pp. 276-310, race; 311-330, sex.

Malthus, Principle of Population. Selections in Bullock's Readings in Economics, pp. 255-286; Wolfe, Readings in Social Problems, pp. 20-78, especially pp. 20-26, "Ratios of the Increase of Population and Food."

Monroe, Cyclopedia of Education, "Teachers, Sex of."

National Society for the Study of Education, Thirteenth Yearbook, Part I, pp. 73-91, population statistics of the North Central high schools.

Thorndike, Education, pp. 230-261, school population of the United States.

Towne, Social Problems, pp. 18-38.