This is at the maximum from twelve to fifteen years of age. Boys especially will submit to more discipline from the fellow-members of the organization to which they belong than at any other time of life. About 1910 a movement was begun to organize clubs in elementary schools. A certain school chanced to have a principal who was a natural leader of boys, and at the same time a woman in charge of the eighth grade who was equally good as a leader of girls. In time the pupil organizations in this school became so permanent that a booklet was printed containing the constitution and by-laws of each club, and the names of the officers and members. There are four clubs for boys and one for girls. The following selections from this booklet present the essential features:

Believing that social and moral education should receive its due share of attention as well as physical and mental training, special efforts towards this end began about seven years ago. The work has grown from year to year and has been so successful that no one questions its value. The patrons of the school have always given their hearty cooperation. The work is associated with programs, entertainments, receptions, parties and athletics. Since the gymnasium was secured, two years ago, it has been in constant use during the winter months from the close of school each day until 6 o'clock, and many evenings. The influence on the school of this outside work has been remarkable. There has been greater interest in the regular school work, better cooperation between pupils and teachers, and problems in discipline are rare. During the year ending June, 1914, there were 130 times our school building was used outside of school hours. A total of 300 hours was given to the work by teachers and principal.

Royal Knights' Club. Constitution. The purpose of this club shall be the physical, mental, moral and social improvement of its members; the name shall be the Royal Knights of the------School.

The badge of the society shall be the four-leaf clover to represent the four purposes of the society.

Any boy who has reached the eighth grade in this school may become a member by signing the pledge. Other boys of the school may become members by signing the pledge and passing the following tests:

1. Chinning, 6 times.

2. Broad jump, 6 feet 6 inches.

3. 100-yard dash in 14 seconds.

4. High jump, 3 feet 6 inches.

5. Chest expansion, 3 inches.

The principal of the school shall be manager. . . . Unless otherwise decided, meetings shall be held every Friday evening and shall be arranged as far as possible to fulfill the fourfold purpose of the club.

Members are expected to attend every meeting and faithfully perform such work as is assigned to them. Members may be dismissed for breaking their pledge, non-attendance, or neglect of duties.

By-laws. Members are not expected to tell the private affairs of the club, such as the forms of initiation, to persons not members.

Pledge. I promise on my honor -

1. To strive to develop an intelligent mind in a strong, healthy body.

2. To form only good habits and to use every possible means to keep myself pure.

3. To abstain from the use of profane and vulgar language, the use of tobacco in every form, and the reading of trashy books.

4. To treat all women and girls with respect and endeavor to protect them from wrong.

5. To have the manners of a gentleman at all times.

6. To be loyal to my school, and to set a good example to younger boys.

7. To attend all the meetings of this club and to do all I can to make it helpful to all.

8. I further promise to do what I can to promote these principles among my companions.

Eighth-Grade Girls' Club.

To learn to be helpful to others, always, everywhere.

To learn not to gossip or criticize.

To have a good time.

The club pin is a three-cornered shield signifying these three purposes. In the middle of the pin is a pitcher which stands for the foremost purpose of the club, service.

Any eighth-grade girl may become a member by signing the pledge and paying the initiation fee of ten cents. There are no other fees.

The club meetings are held every Thursday after school in the school building and consist of such activities as music, recitations, talks, sewing, painting, gymnasium work, games or outings, and a banquet every semester.

The constitution of the club states that "it is the duty of each member to hold sacred her pledge, to keep private the affairs of the club, and to strive to make her presence a help and pleasure to others by taking part in all activities of the club and striving never to disturb the unity and harmony thereof."

. . . The club has in great part broken down the habit girls have, which boys are not so apt to have, of forming selfish exclusive groups. ... They have grown more considerate and thoughtful, ready to see others' needs and supply them if they can. The club has made us all, pupils and teacher, better acquainted, learning to know each other's good qualities and to handle each other's faults with greater understanding. Through added loyalty to each other and to the teacher has come deeper loyalty for the school and its principles, which helps all to be happy and harmonious. Everything seems to "go" better.

Pledge. I promise to be faithful to the Eighth Grade Girls' Club and to the principles for which it stands, to refrain from quarreling or criticizing, and to try my best to always be kindly, unselfish, gentle and honest.

Alumni Club

Membership in this club is limited to boys who are graduates of the school and who do not use tobacco. During the winter months meetings are held once a fortnight for athletic and social purposes.