A very misleading idea of the beginning of the golf stroke is generally given by books and instructors. The pupil is told to swing the club back. In the address the club is practically at the bottom of its arc. It cannot swing upward without power being found for it. As a matter of fact, the club is picked up off the ground by the hands and wrists and carried naturally back by them and the arms even as the walking stick was in the daisy cutting experiment.
Any attempt to swing the club back will very likely result in the hands getting away backward before the head of the club, which is a bad fault. In the swing of most of the old St. Andrews golfers the first thing in the swing back was the press forward.
This is another very sound paradox. Directly the player starts to hit the ball he pushes his hands forward an inch or two which turns the face of his club over a little toward the ball. I have never heard of or seen any explanation of this habit, but there can be no doubt that it gives one a nice clean pick up of the club and it certainly tends to prevent the wrists hurrying away before the head of the club.