We have now to consider a position of the very greatest importance in the golf swing. Certainly our player has arrived at it without arms or hands or a club. This in the ordinary way would no doubt be some slight handicap. It will, I think, make the task I have here if anything easier and my argument clearer, for our golfer is in effect a lump of material,-let us say, lead-supported on two legs of-say, iron.

Now we must see what the great players have to say about this question of the weight at the top of the swing, for it is not going too far to say that this is a matter that strikes at the very root of the game, that is actually a fundamental, that is a matter of principle, that admits of no paltering or equivocation. It is a question that has to be decided, on the evidence supplied to him, by every golfer who desires to know and to play real golf. Therefore it is a question worthy of close analysis.

So important do I consider this matter that it seems to me that if one teaches this incorrectly it does not matter what else one teaches correctly. False teaching here strikes at the very heart of the game.

EDWARD RAY Playing a Chip Shot

EDWARD RAY Playing a Chip Shot.

Vardon, on page 68 of The Complete Golfer, says: "The movements of the feet and legs are important. In addressing the ball you stand with both feet flat and squarely placed on the ground, the weight equally divided between them, and the knees so slightly bent at the knee joints as to make the bending scarcely noticeable. This position is maintained during the upward movement of the club until the arms begin to pull at the body. The easiest and most natural thing to do then, and the one which suggests itself, is to raise the heel of the left foot and begin to pivot on the left toe, which allows the arms to proceed with their uplifting process without let or hindrance. Do not begin to pivot on this left toe ostentatiously or because you feel you ought to do so, but only when you know that the time has come, and you want to, and do it only to such an extent that the club can reach the full extent of the swing without any difficulty.

"While this is happening it follows that the weight of the body is being gradually thrown on to the right leg, which gradually stiffens, until at the top of the swing it is quite rigid, the left being at the same time in a state of comparative freedom, slightly bent in towards the right, with only just enough pressure on the toe to keep it in position. >'

This is Vardon's considered opinion on this important matter.

On page 53 of Great Golfers, he says, speaking of the Downward Swing: "In commencing the downward swing I try to feel that both hands and wrists are working together. The wrists start bringing the club down, and at the same moment, the left knee commences to resume its original position. The head during this time has been kept quite still, the body alone pivoting from the hips.,,

We must notice carefully that "The head during this time" - that is during the whole of the time from the address to the top of the swing -"has been quite still," and that the correct position at the finish of the backward or upward swing is obtained by "the body alone pivoting from the hips."

Analyzing these instructions we find:

1. That at the address the weight is equally divided between the feet.

2. That during the swing the head must be kept quite still.

3. That the pivoting of the body must be done at the hips.

4. That there is no change in the position of the right foot.

Therefore, we start with the weight equally distributed between the feet. We are held as in a vise so far as backward movement, or movement away from the hole, is concerned, at three points, the right foot, the right hip and the head, yet at the top of the swing all the weight of the body has in some mysterious manner got onto the right leg!

James Braid makes the same statement about the weight at the top of the swing. On page 56 of Advanced Golf he says: "At the top of the swing, although nearly all the weight will be on the right foot, the player must feel a distinct pressure on the left one, that is to say, it must still be doing a small share in the work of supporting the body."

We have J. H. Taylor also as a subscriber to this idea. On page 207 of Taylor on Golf he says: "Then as the club comes back in the swing, the weight should be shifted by degrees, quietly and gradually, until when the club has reached its topmost point the whole weight of the body is supported by the right leg, the left foot at this time being turned, and the left knee bent in towards the right leg. Next, as the club is taken back to the horizontal position behind the head, the shoulders should be swung around, although the head must be allowed to remain in the same position with the eyes looking over the left shoulder."

Mr. Walter J. Travis in Practical Golf says: "In the upward swing it will be noticed that the body has been turned very freely with the natural transference of weight almost entirely to the right foot, and that the left foot has been pulled up and around on the toe. Without such aid the downward stroke would be lacking in pith."

Mr. Travis makes it very clear that his idea of the drive in golf is that one must get on to one's right leg at the top of one's swing if one wants to get "pith" in one's drive.

Mr. Horace Hutchinson on page 88 of Golf in the Badminton Series says: "Now, as the club came to the horizontal behind the head, the body will have been allowed to turn, gently, with its weight upon the right foot."

Surely this is a mass of authority in favor of the right foot. I am presenting it all here because I know that I must face it. I am diametrically opposed to this teaching; and when you have read what I have said, and have tested it, you must elect whether you intend to remain true to the fetiches of tradition or to become a disciple of The New Golf.