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Educational Needlecraft | by Margaret Swanson and Ann MacBeth



This book represents the first conscious and serious effort to take Needlecraft from its humble place as the Cinderella of Manual arts, and to show how it may become a means of general and even of higher education. The writers have faith that in taking the common things of life and walking truly among them they will find greatness and beauty at last. And this faith is justified. Through all the earlier chapters we are travelling step by step and by a narrow path towards a widening highway, along which at last the rapture of life and the vista of beauty greet the wayfarer.

TitleEducational Needlecraft
AuthorMargaret Swanson And Ann MacBeth
PublisherLongmans, Green, And Co.
Year1911
Copyright1911, Longmans, Green, And Co.
AmazonEducational Needlecraft
Educational Needlecraft Book Cover

Educational Needlecraft

By Margaret Swanson And Ann MacBeth

Instructresses At The Glasgow School Of Art

With A Preface By Margaret Mcmillan

With 6 Coloured Plates

And Numerous Other Illustrations

Longmans, Green, And Co.

39 Paternoster Row, London

New York, Bombay, And Calcutta, 1911

Printed By William Clowes And Sons, Limited, London And Beccles.

All rights reserved

The Bride. A Panel in Satin and Silk by Ann Macbeth

The Bride. A Panel in Satin and Silk by Ann Macbeth.

-Preface
This book represents the first conscious and serious effort to take Needlecraft from its humble place as the Cinderella of Manual arts, and to show how it may become a means of general and even of hig...
-Common-Sense Principles Guiding Needlecraft Scheme
The underlying idea in all education is development of intelligence and formation of character. Towards this end, the training of the hand and the eye has to be reckoned with. One method of instruc...
-Section I Lesson I. Tacking
Age 6-7 Years One yard of 36-inch wide, unbleached calico, 3d. to 6d. per yard, will give twelve or nine tray cloths, according as the yard is divided into 12 x 9 inches or 12 x 12 inches. Needles,...
-Cutting Out. Neckband (In Paper)
Age 6-7 Years Cutting out follows naturally from the paper-folding and paper-cutting exercises of the kindergarten occupations. A piece of ordinary newspaper may be cut out as a neckband to fi...
-Lesson II. Top-Sewing Or Over-Seaming
Age : 7-7 1/2 Years Frequently during the tacking together of the tray cloth or small mat the child makes a deviation by over-seaming or top-sewing. This we seize upon and apply to the construction...
-Lesson III. Hemming
Age : 71/2-8 Years One yard of 36-inch wide, unbleached calico, 3d. to 6d. per yard, will give two lap-bags, torn down selvedge-wise, i.e. 36 x 18 inches. Needles, No. 3 Scientific sharps. Threa...
-Lesson IV. Sew And Fell
; running Age 8-9 Years One yard of 36-inch wide, unbleached calico, 3d. to 6d. per yard, will give three strips, each 36 inches X 12 inches ; one yard of 30-inch wide dyed calico, 6d. per yard, wi...
-Lesson V. Pleating
Age: 9-10 Years One and one-half to two yards of 30-inch wide, unbleached calico, 3d. to 6d. per yard; one-third yard of coloured calico, 30 inches wide, 6d. per yard. Needles, No. 5 Scient...
-Lesson VI. Herring-Boning
Age : 9-10 Years One yard of 36-inch wide cream flannel, IS. to IS. 6d. per yard, will give twelve needle cases 6 inches x 18 inches, and eighteen of 6 inches x 12 inches. Needles, No. 5 Scientifi...
-Lesson VII. Sewing On Of Tapes
Age : 9-10 Years The needle-case is our base. Tapes, braids, ribbons may be sewn on the right or wrong side of the article used, in square, oblong or pointed fashion. Method Right side: On...
-Lesson VIII. Single Darning (Tacking)
Age : 9-10 Years The needle-case is again the base. This new exercise stimulates at once by the interesting change of position. The needle moves vertically along the material - up and down. M...
-Lesson IX. Flannel Seams
Age: 10-11 Years One yard of 36-inch wide cream flannel, IS. 6d. per yard, will give four infants' first flannel jackets. Needles, No. 5 Scientific sharps. Thread, No. 30 cotton embroidery, mendi...
-Lesson X. Button-Hole Stitch
Age : 10-11 Years One yard of linen 36 inches wide, from 15. upwards, will give 72 lengths 12 inches * 1 1/2 inches, sufficient for collar or book-marker. Needles, No. 3 Scientific sharps. Threa...
-Lesson XI. Chain-Stitching
Age: 10-11 Years The mats, collars, etc., form a base for chain-stitching, which is practically button-hole stitch worked in vertical fashion, for protecting folded instead of raw edges. The int...
-Lesson XII. Stitching
Age : 10-11 Years Again, the mat (Diag. 32A) or collar (Diag. 33) may become a base for the practice of stitching - the strongest of all stitches. This form of stitchery is associated in the chi...
-Lesson XIII. Binding Tapes
Age : 10-11 Years One yard 36-inch wide flannel at IS. 6d. will give 18 kettle-holders, 6 inches x 6 inches (double). Tape, braid, galloon, ribbon or strip of raw-edged contrasting material. Needle...
-Lesson XIV. Gathering, Stroking, And Setting-In
-Age 11-12 Years We now enter the period of childhood when 1. The eye is accommodated to what is generally called normal vision. 2. The awakening power of the skill of the hand is felt. 3. Th...
-Lesson XV. Darning
Age 11-12 Years Towelling : rough crash : serge. Thread, Mending yarn of varying thicknesses. Needles, Darners. Children accept material, be it cloth or bread, in casual fashion. Thei...
-Lesson XVI. "A Strengthening Strip"
Age : 11-12 Years This lesson is the crux of the early period. The strengthening and defending of raw edges have followed the need of the child, and now with the awakening skill of the hand, she...
-Lesson XVII. Slip-Bodice Type, And Counter-Hem
Age : 11-12 Years One yard of white calico. Needles, No. 6 betweens. Thread, No. 40. The free, bold cutting out during the preceding years, 6-11, has given the girl freedom from rigidity, a nec...
-Lesson XVIII. Run And Fell
Age : 11-13 Years The slip-bodice makes a suitable base. Comparison of the different ways of joining, reference to the wear and tear of textures, interest and exercise the reasoning faculty. ...
-Lesson XIX. Tucking
Age : 11-12 Years As far as technique applies, this exercise, like the last, continues the development of skill, and in this respect hitches on to the interest originated with the pleating construc...
-Lesson XX. Sewing On Of Buttons
Age : 11-12 Years The slip-bodice again is the base upon which to sew the button and sew in the button-holes. As a preliminary, a strip of tape may be taken, long enough to be used as a book str...
-Lesson XXI. Sewing Of Button-Holes
Age : 11-12 Years The book strap of last lesson, or book mark (Diag. 69), may serve as preliminaries to the slip-bodice, which again serves for this application. The developing skill of hand enj...
-Section II Lesson I. Sleeve Type
Age : 12-14 Years This is the slack period before the spurt of adolescence. Greater stability, deliberate movement, above all the brooding quality characterizes the girl, and must not be interf...
-Lesson II. French Or Bodice Seam (Boy's Coat)
Age: 12-14 Years The sleeve type hung on to an expansion of the slip-bodice type combines as a coat suitable for a child of six years (Diag. 74). The stitchery and construction used for this sea...
-Lesson III. Gussets (Dressing Jacket)
Age : 12-14 Years The principles underlying the overall, the infant's first flannel jacket, and now the child's coat, tend to give that ability which results in a wider application. In Diag. 76,...
-Lesson IV. Crossway Strips. French Knots
Age: 12-14 Years Hitherto strips cut selvedge-wise for strength and easy manipulation have been practised, but as the constructive and inventive power expands the straight line is superseded by cur...
-Lesson V. Piping
Age: 12-14 Years Piping is closely associated with the foregoing lesson. 1. The material is cut so that the stretching quality of the bias or cross may allow the cord to lie without puckering th...
-Lesson VI. Skirt Type
Age : 12-14 Years Just as the Sleeve Type never alters in principle, however numerous the varieties, so with the next type. The Skirt may be a modified form known as an under petticoat, made up ...
-Lesson VII. Waistbands And Foot Finishings
Age : 12-14 Years Skirt Type forms the base of this lesson. Waistbands may be straight or shaped. Method. - (1) A straight waistband consists in a strip cut selvedge wise, 1 inch to 2 inches in dep...
-Lesson VIII. Eyelet Holes. Loops. Hooks And Eyes
Age : 12-14 Years As already suggested, the skirt may be fastened at the waist by a draw string. This necessitates small holes for drawing through the string, known as eyelet holes. Metho...
-Lesson IX. Patching. Darning
Age : 12-14 Years The right feeling which results from following nature through the primitive art period, conduces to that perception which includes repair in the architectural unity of constructi...
-Lesson X. Openings
Age : 12-14 Years There are many ways of arranging openings in garments and general household articles, and the worker should choose her method according to the use of the article. For uniformity i...
-Lesson XI. Drawers Type
Age : 12-14 Years In the graded types, leading up to 14 years of age, drawers, knickers, and all such divided garments come last, because they have been a later development of clothes in all civili...
-Lesson XII. Sewing On Of Lace
Age : 12-14 Years Lace is ornament superimposed. It does not grow out of the structure ordinarily speaking. And to appreciate the simple, well-directed effort that results in honest, well-finished ...
-Lesson XIII. Yoke, Collar-Bands, Wristband
Age : 12-14 Years A yoke in relation to garments and household articles is a support. Prehistorically, the covering of skin hung from a small support on each shoulder cut out of skin; this in ti...
-Lesson XIV. Household Articles. Marking
Age : 12-14 Years Typical household articles include pillow, bolster and mattress covers, sheets, coverlets, towels, tablecloths, serviettes, dusters. Dusters, serviettes, plain towels are hemme...
-Lesson XV. The Making Of Simple Pattern
... IN relation to household articles and garments, with the application of any of the previous stitchery Age : 12-14 Years (A) It is important that tidiness and an orderly habit of caring fo...
-Lesson I. Expansion Of Combined Types Into Nightdress, Overall, Wrapper, Etc
At 14 years of age, the girl enters a fresh period of life. The brooding, slack time is over. Nerve cells hitherto sleeping awaken, and immediately the higher cerebral regions show, amongst other c...
-Lesson II. Decorative Stitchery In Relation To Material
Age : 14-18 Years Couching is a stitch par excellence suited to pile fabrics (velvet, velveteen) or to thick woollen materials, the surface of which does not readily adapt itself to accurate placin...
-Hem Stitching
This is suited for linen material, where the warp and weft are even in thickness and strong enough to be easily withdrawn without breaking the threads. It is especially used as an adornment for hems. ...
-Faggot Stitching
This is chiefly used as a trimming for blouses ana other garments of thin material, where it is desirable that one or more bands of material be fastened together by lacy open work. Take a narrow st...
-Smocking
This is a form of decoration best suited to thin woollens, cottons, silk or linen, and is chiefly used as a means of finishing children's dresses and shirts where much fulness is desired. Carefully ga...
-Satin Stitch
This is merely top sewing laid out flat and the stitches set close together. It is perhaps the most commonly used stitch in embroidery, and is suited for practically all materials, save when the pile ...
-Shadow Stitching
A method best suited to working on muslin or other transparent fabrics, is merely herring-boning stitched closely together on the wrong side of the material, so that it gives on the right side a neat ...
-Lesson III. Expansion Of Types Into Knickers, Combinations, Whipping On A Frill
Age: 14-18 Years; 18-24 Years The expansion of the drawers type into knickers shows the application of a shaped (circular) waistband. Any fulness in front is disposed of by darts. The upper port...
-Lesson IV. Beginnings Of Pattern
Age : 14-18 Years ; 18-24 Years On looking back at the first lessons in this book it will be immediately evident that any recurrent stitches, or groups of stitches, in orderly arrangement resolves ...
-Lesson V. Designing With Straight Lines
Age: 14-18 Years; 18-24 Years Border patterns are the best suited for the designer as the preliminary exercises in planning embroidered decoration, and at first all such decoration should be made w...
-Lesson VI. Material In Relation To Garments And Household Linen Repair
Age: 14-18 Years; 18-24 Years In considering material for under and outer garments, occupation, season, and age decide the quality and quantity. The baby must have soft, warm, light-weight fabri...
-Lesson VII. Designs Based On The Circle
Age: 14-18 Years; 18-24 Years Our next stage in the making of patterns introduces the circle, and this immediately gives the designer an immensely wider field from which to gather material, since ...
-Lesson VIII. Introduction Of The Leaf Form
Age : 14-18 Years ; 18-24 Years Here the scope of the designer is again widened by the introduction of leaf forms - simple in outline at first, and later, if the type of leaf chosen be much complic...
-Lesson IX. Applique
Age: 14-18 Years; 18-24 Years Applique work, as being an addition of applied patches of another material combined with stitchery, requires special consideration. It must, first of all, be borne in ...
-Lesson X. Marking Off Of Pattern On Material
Age: 14-18 Years; 18-24 Years Various materials demand various methods of marking pattern, but for the average household goods of fairly light colours, the quickest and most direct method is to mak...
-Lesson XI. Colour And Tone
Age: 14-18 Years; 18-24 Years There are no rules to be given as to colour schemes which may not be broken with legitimacy. All depends on the proportion in which contrasting lines or masses are arr...
-Lesson XII. Figure Design For Embroidery
The treatment of the human figure in embroidery has always been the highest and most difficult achievement of the craft, and the methods of working employed are a somewhat vexed question. First and fo...
-Lesson XIII. Finishings
Fitness of finish is the crowning completion of needlecraft, and often it is in the so-termed finishings, the dainty conceits of construction, that the whole charm of a beautiful piece of work lies....
-Materials, And Where To Get Them
It has been thought advisable to give the particulars of various materials suitable for the work suggested in the foregoing chapters, with names of the manufacturers, for the convenience of readers. ...
-Suggested Scheme Of Work For An Elementary School
Division. Age. Stitchery. Construction. Material. Cost. Infants . . . 6-7 years I. Tacking Tray cloth or small mat Col...
-Knitting Schemes
Age. Stitch. Application. 6-7 years Garter stitch Kettle holder, slippers or scarf 7-8 Plain and purl Semmit- one-third...
-Cutting-Out Scheme
Age. Cutting out. 6-7 years Neckband (in paper) 7-8 Neckband, wristband (in paper) 8-9 Neckband, wristband, w...









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previous page: Art In Needlework: A Book About Embroidery | by Lewis F. Day
  
page up: Needlework Books
  
next page: Scientific Sewing And Garment Cutting | by Antoinette Van Hoesen Wakeman