Range. - Eastern North America, breeding from northern New England northward, and wintering to southern New England and Ohio and casually farther. They build in conifers making their nests of small twigs and rootlets, lined with fine grasses and lichens. During the latter part of May or June they lay three or four eggs, which have a ground color of light greenish blue, spotted and splashed with dark brown, and with fainter markings of lilac. Size 1.00 x .70. Pine Grosbeaks have been separated into the following sub-species, the chief distinction between them being in their ranges. The nesting habits and eggs of all are alike.

Pine Grosbeak

Pine Grosbeak.



515a. Rocky Mountain Pine Grosbeak. Pinicola Enucleator Montana

Range. - Rocky Mountain region from New Mexico to Montana.

Greenish blue

Greenish blue.

515b. California Pine Grosbeak. Pini Cola Enucleator Californica

Range. - Higher parts of the Sierra Nevadas in California.

515c. Alaska Pine Grosbeak. Pinicola Enucleator Alascensis

Range. - Interior of Northwest America from Alaska south to British Columbia.

515d. Kadiak Pine Grosbeak. Pinicola Enucleator Flammula

Range. - Kadiak Island and the southern coast of Alaska.