Range. - Breeds within the Arctic Circle; winters south to New York, Kansas and northern California and casually farther.
This species is similar to the last but much darker, and the rump is also streaked with blackish. These handsome birds are often met with in winter, feeding on seeds of the weed stems that project above the snow. Their flight and song is similar to that of the Goldfinch or Pine Siskin. They nest at low elevations, either in trees or bushes. The eggs number from three to six and are pale bluish, sparingly specked with reddish brown. Size .65 x .50. Data. - Mouth of Great Whale River, Hudson Bay, May 16, 1899. Nest in a willow 4 feet from the ground; made of fine rootlets and grass, lined with feathers. Collector, A. P. Lowe.
Range. - Arctic regions; south casually to the border of the United States. A slightly larger variety of the common Redpoll. Eggs probably not distinguished.
Range. - Breeds in southern Greenland; in winter south through Labrador to the northern border of the United States.
This variety is larger and darker than the common Redpoll. It has been found breeding abundantly in southern Greenland, where its nesting habits are the same as those of the Redpoll and the eggs similar but averaging a trifle larger.