Range. - North America east of the Rockies, and from Labrador and Manitoba southward.

These beautiful birds are among our sweetest songsters from May until September. They are resident throughout their United States range, where they breed in August or early in September, being one of the latest nesting birds that we have. Their nests are located in bushes, at a height of generally below fifteen feet above the ground, being placed in upright forks, and made of plant fibres and thistle down, firmly woven together. They lay from three to six plain bluish white eggs. Size .65 x .50. The majority of nests that I have found have been in alders over small streams.

Goldfinch

Goldfinch.

Bluish white

Bluish white.

529 Goldfinch Astragalinus Tristis Tristis 1056AMERICAN GOLDFINCH

AMERICAN GOLDFINCH.

NEST AND EGGS OF GOLDFINCH

Norman W. Swayns NEST AND EGGS OF GOLDFINCH.

529a. Pale Goldfinch. Astragalinus Tristis Pallidas

Range. - Rocky Mountains from Mexico to British Colum bia.

This variety is slightly larger and (in winter) paler than the last.

529b. Willow Goldfinch. Astragalinus Tristis Salicamans

Ranges. - Pacific coast from Washington to Lower California.

Similar to the eastern Goldfinch but back said to be slightly greenish yellow.

529b Willow Goldfinch Astragalinus Tristis Salicam 1059

529a-529b-530