These external applications, otherwise called liniments, are extremely useful in the dog, for strains, or sometimes to relieve muscular inflammation, or chronic rheumatism of the joints Mustard, ammonia, laudanum, and turpentine, are the chief agents employed.

Mustard embrocation:

42. - Best mustard, 3 to 5 ounces. Liquor of ammonia, 1 ounce. Spirit of turpentine, 1 ounce. Mix into a thin paste, and rub into the part affected.

Embrocation for strains or rheumatism:

43. - Spirit of turpentine, Liquor of ammonia, Laudanum, of each 1/2 ounce.

Mix, and shake well before using, then rub in.