Skull round, instead of flat, on top.
A dog that gives too much tongue when working.
Big, beefy hindquarters.
(Blue and lemon) spotted or flecked, and applied to Laverick Setters.
A white mark or stripe up the face.
A dog which shows high breeding.
The tan-colored hairs on the back of the thighs of a Black-and-tan Terrier.
Refers more particularly to the face of the Bulldog or Toy Spaniel, and comprises the receding nose, or lay-back, deep stop, and wrinkle.
The inside of the ears.
That part of the body in front of the cnest, or the chest.
The long fringe of hair on under side of tail of long-haired dogs.
A nose with spotted nostrils.
An ear which falls over in front, concealing the inside, as in Fox Terrier.
A short, round foot, with knuckles high and well developed. A desirable foot for all running dogs.
The pendulous lips of the bulldog; the foreface of a bulldog.
Pronounced indications of the breed to which the dog belongs; also, marked indications of intelligence.
When the cheek bumps are strongly defined; thick in cheek.
The chest of a dog must not be confounded with the brisket; the breast or chest extends between the fore-legs from the brisket to the belly.
Thick-set, short-coupled, and low in stature.
Well ribbed up, short and compact in build.
The long hair that hangs clown from the tail of the setter.
In good health, flesh and coat.
The length of space between the tops of tne shoulder blades and the tops of the hip joints. The term denotes the proportionate length of the dog, such as long and short in the couplings.
The hocks turning inwards.
Same as above.
The upper ridge or portion of the dog's neck. Generally applied to sporting dogs.
The crooked tail of a Bulldog.
Fullness in the top lips.
Deep in chest; deep from withers to point where chest and brisket meet.
Extra claws, found on the inside of the lower portion of the hind-legs of many dogs.
Pendulous skin under the throat.
Having the nose higher at the tip than at the stop. Sometimes seen in Pointers.
High in skull, showing an elevation between the ears.
A flesh-colored nose.
The joint at the top of the forearm.
Where the elbow joints turn perceptibly out from the body, as in Bulldogs or Dachshunds.
The expression of a dog is largely but not wholly determined by the size, angular position, and degree of prominence of the eye. For instance, in a St. Bernard the eye is small, somewhat sunken, showing a little haw. This gives a dignified and rather benevolent expression. "Collie expression" depends largely on the angle at which eyes are set to each other.
Disguising a dog's coat or appearance by dyeing, staining, clipping, or otherwise interfering with the dog's natural formation.
The fringe or hair on the back of the legs of some breeds, notably Setters, Spaniels and Collies.
A long, gaunt, wolfish head, as seen in some Mastiffs.
The tail, with its long hair, as seen in some Setters and Newfoundlands.
Flat in ribs; opposite of well-ribbed up.
The overhanging lips of the upper jaw. The term chiefly applied to hounds or other deep mouthed dogs.
The principal part of the fore-leg, extending from elbow to pastern.
The fringe or hair on the chest of dogs, especially as in the Collie.
Nose not receding.
A bluish-gray color.
A long, narrow foot, carried forward. The opposite of Cat-foot.
Pied, mottled, or patchy in color.
The red, inside eyelid, as shown in the Bloodhound and St. Bernard.
The height of a dog is measured at the shoulder. The proper method is to stand the dog on level ground, close by a wall, and to lay a flat rule across his shoulders horizontally so as to touch the wall; then measure to the point touched by the rule. Some people "tape" from the center between the shoulders to the ground, but this plan obviously adds to the real height of the dog, and is practically a fraud.
Tops of the hip-joints. The space between these and the tops of the shoulders is called the couplings.
A tail with a single break or kink in it.
The joint attaching the fore-pastern and forearm.
The skin. Especially applied to the ear.
Too long in leg compared with the body. Stilted.
Denoting length of body, as in the Skye or St. Bernard.
Applied to jaws and teeth where they meet in front, and means that they meet evenly.
That part of the anatomy of the dog between the last rib and hindquarters.
Long in back and loins.
Overhanging lips, where such ought not to exist.
The feather, or long fine hair on shoulders of Collies, Newfoundlands and some other breeds.
The profuse hair on top of neck.
The dark muzzle of a Mastiff or Pug.
A bluish-gray color splashed with black.
The prominent bone at the back or top of the skull. Particularly prominent in Bloodhounds.
Shoulders set on outside, as in the Bulldog.
Elbows turning out.
The upper teeth projecting beyond the lower. This fault in excess makes a dog pig-jawed.
The under portion or sole of the foot.
The lowest section of the leg below the knee or hock junction with foot.
Dome of skull high, as in Bloodhounds and Irish Setters.
The black marks or streaks divided by tan on the toes of a Black-and-tan Terrier.
The upper jaw longer than the lower.
A mixture of hard and soft hair in the coat, the short coat being woolly.
The tail of a Pomeranian.
(See Tulip-ear.) An erect ear; not turned down or folded.
The evidence of good blood and breeding, and of desirable characteristics as shown in the general appearance of the dog.
Slight in build and leggy, as in the Greyhound or Whippet.
Where the tail at the end curls into a ring.
The arched or wheel formation of loin, as in a Greyhound, Dachshund, Dandie Dinmont Terrier, and Bulldog.
An ear of which the tip turns backward and downward; that is, it folds at the back, and the tip laps over outward, showing part of the inside of the ear.
The muscular development between stifle-joint and hock.
An erect ear of which the end falls over forward.
The division between the nostrils.
Too narrow and light in body.
Short in back and loins.
The top of the shoulder blade, the point at which the height of a dog is measured.
A tail forming a semi-circle, like a sickle.
Formed by the frontal, parietal and occipital bones - the brain box.
Where the muzzle is long, narrow or peaked.
Too pointed in muzzle.
The foot spread out flat.
The region of the tail.
The point next the buttock - the hip joint.
The hollow or indentation between the skull and nasal bone, below the eyes. This feature is strongly developed in Bulldogs.
Showy, spirited, or gay demeanor.
Excess of loose skin at the throat, dewlap. In some breeds this is a fault.
The round, black spots on the fore-legs of a Black-and-tan Terrier.
Having no flew.
The hair on the top of the head, as in the Irish Water Spaniel, Dandie Dinmont, and Bedlington Terrier.
The dark mark down the back of a Pug.
Black, tan and white.
Tucked-up loin, as in the Greyhound.
Partly pricked, or upright, and drooping at the tip.
The curled tail of a Pug.
The lower jaw projecting beyond the upper one.
The lower incisor teeth projecting beyond the upper, as in Bulldogs. The under jaw protruding beyond the upper jaw.
Shoulders that are set in an upright, instead of an oblique position; not laid back.
As in the eye of the Fox Terrier, which is free from Haw, is not sunken, is round but rather small than large, and set horizontally, not obliquely, giving a keen, rather "cussed" look.
The tan-colored hair below root of tail.
A blue mottled eye.
A dog that is leggy, thin, and out of condition.
Pale yellowish color.
Loose-folding skin over the skull.