All animals should be stabled before sunset, and not removed from stables until some time after sunrise, when the dew and fog have disappeared. Smoke should be kept going through stables or picket-lines, from small smouldering fires on windward side during the night.

"If possible, remove animals to high veldt pastures where frost prevails."

"Protect animals from bites of winged insects, particularly mosquitos and their species."

"Prevent animals from eating dew-laden grass until it is well dried in the sun."

"Kraal horses with cattle at night, as the ammoniacal gases from excrement prevents winged insects and mosquitos from infecting the place."

"Animals which have to traverse districts infected with horse sickness, and remain in them during the night, if not stabled, should have nosebags on, previously steeped in antiseptic fluid, sanitas for preference. Nose-bags are used by prospectors and game-hunters in infected districts with success, tar being smeared on bag and nostrils. They are put on before sunset, and taken off after sunrise. This plan prevents grazing, and acts as an antiseptic inhalation."

"A weak solution of paraffin-oil, lightly brushed over the animal every evening, is an excellent preventive to mosquitos, and should be used on all animals not stabled; and arsenic given daily is also beneficial, perhaps owing to its antiseptic action on the alimentary tract."

"Preventive inoculation, if successful, no doubt would be supreme, as it would enable animals to live and work in the worst horse-sickness districts."

"When protective inoculation can be employed throughout the whole country, and animals rendered immune, it will be of great benefit both from an agricultural and equine point of view. Dr. Edington produced an attached virus and serum for protective inoculation, which experimentally he has employed with success, but I am unable to say what the practical results of this method are."

"'Salted' horses are animals that have recovered from the disease, and they possess a high degree of immunity."

"They often suffer from secondary fever during the horse-sickness season, which is not attended with much constitutional disturbances, but undoubted cases which recovered are known to have died from a secondary attack of the disease one or more seasons after the first attack."