The owner of the horse has often no voice whatever in the structure and general arrangements of the stable in which his horse is to be kept. In those cases, however, where the owner of the horse builds the habitation for the, animal, he may select, within certain limitations, the site on which the stable is to stand and the materials which are to be used in its construction. The principal points to be observed are dryness and cleanliness. To secure dryness the building must not only be weather-tight, but clamp must be prevented from rising through the walls and floors; an impervious damp-course must therefore be laid in the walls at the floor-level, and it is a good plan to spread a layer of brick or stone rubble under the flooring. The use of iron for stable fittings, and, as far as possible, in the construction of the partitions between stalls and boxes, in substitution for timber, is certainly desirable. The material is non-absorbent, and lends itself readily to processes of cleansing and disinfection. The timber which is absolutely indispensable should be well-seasoned, hard material, and be rendered as little absorbent as possible by being saturated with some of the tar products, or by a coating of paint or varnish. Bricks should be of the best quality, and for the inside of the walls bricks with a salt-glazed or with an enamelled surface are to be preferred. The salt-glazed bricks, which are of a reddish-brown colour, are more suitable for those walls which may be liable to damage, but at the heads of stalls, and above the level of the mangers in boxes, enamelled bricks or tiles may be used. Bright colours and pronounced patterns must be avoided; a grayish-green colour is the best, and an "egg-shell" glaze is better than a bright glossy surface. The question of material for the flooring is rather a difficult one. It is easy to see that certain conditions must be complied with - the flooring must be sufficiently hard, non-absorbent, and, above all things, of a kind to afford a good foothold. Blue Staffordshire bricks, and buff adamantine clinkers, grooved in various ways so as to assist in the drainage of the surface, are commonly used for the purpose, but a good floor can also be made with Portland cement and granite chippings laid by expert workmen on a bed of brick or stone rubble.
The division of the stable into stalls or boxes will be arranged according to the number of animals to be kept, and the necessity which may arise from the limitation of space. There is no doubt at all of the advantages of boxes where space and cost are not paramount considerations. From 12 to 14 feet square are the ordinary dimensions, but smaller boxes down to about 10 feet square are often used; they must be large enough to allow the animal to alter its position as much as it chooses. The animal may be tied by the head, as in a stall, whenever necessary. Stalls from 6 to 7 feet wide and 10 to 11 feet long are economical in space and cost, and it is, usual in the case of small stables to have one or two boxes for special use. and three or more stalls, as may be required. One or more sick-boxes, enclosed with walls and entirely disconnected from the other stalls and boxes, are necessary in all large stables.