The artillery-horse asked for by the army buyers is really a smart, active van- or express-horse on short legs, with plenty of bone and substance and enough quality to ensure staying power in fairly fast work. He should stand from fifteen and two-tenths to sixteen hands, weigh not less than 1,300 pounds, and measure at least eight inches below the knee and seventy-two inches in girth. Considerable variation in type is permissible, the work of the horse artillery demanding greater speed and therefore more warm blood than are necessary for ordinary field artillery, while in all batteries properly horsed, the lead and center pairs are slightly taller and more rangy than the wheelers, the latter requiring greater strength and substance. The first prize entry at Toronto last spring was of the lighter sort, being, in fact, the pure-bred hackney mare 'Cassandra.' She stood 16 hands, weighed 1,325 pounds and girthed 76 inches. She measured 8 1/4 inches below the knee and 20 1/4 inches round the arm; from crest to withers 36 inches, withers to croup 29 inches, croup to tail, an important point in all military horses, 19 inches. Although in this particular instance the prize went to a hackney, it does not, by any means, follow that gun-horses should be either wholly or partly of that breed. They may be obtained by the judicious use of the thoroughbred horse on mares of size, substance and action, or by stinting good half-bred or strong roadster mares to a biggish hackney or breedy coach sire. So long as they show sufficient quality to ensure activity and endurance, and at the same time meet the requirements as to size and substance, the question of pedigree is of secondary importance.