The best treatment for bruises is, as a general rule, frequent fomentations for at least half an hour at a time, and this remedy is usually successful. Some mild stimulating liniment may, after a time, be applied, to remove any obstinate remaining swelling.
The eye is sometimes injured, the part most frequently suffering being the outer transparent coat, called the cornea. Sometimes this is injured by the rider carelessly striking the horse about the head; or it may be injured against trees or other objects. When the cornea has been injured, the eyelids are nearly or quite closed. On opening them, the cornea is probably found to be abraded, and perhaps more or less of a milky whiteness. This is very apt to alarm the inexperienced owner, as it seems unlikely that so much opacity would ever clear away; yet it often will, in a very astonishing manner. Fomentations are the best treatment here, and many recommend that a wet cloth should be placed over the eye, to keep Q 2 out the light. Sometimes the opacity will, to a certain extent, disappear; but at one point it obstinately remains, and looks a if it would never be removed. Nor will it unless treatment be resorted to, in the form of applying something very stimulating to the part, in the shape of nitrate of silver or other strong remedy. Of course, this should only be done after all inflammation has quite disappeared, and when all progress has ceased.
An amateur, however, cannot be recommended to employ such remedies on his own account; they should only be used by an experienced veterinary surgeon, and the effects require careful watching. Suffice it here to say that, even in longstanding cases of partial opacity of the cornea, the treatment above described is often attended by marked success.