Garget is of frequent occurrence among good milkers, especially in cities where cows are highly fed. It is often the result of careless milking, but may come from exposure to cold or wet.

Symptoms. - Part or all of the udder becomes swollen and hard, and is sometimes very painful, The milk becomes thick and curdled and sometimes the secretion of milk is stopped, and only a watery fluid comes from the teat.

Treatment. - Open the bowels with a dose of Epsom salt, then give half an ounce of nitrate of potash twice a day for a week. Bathe the udder twice a day with hot water, wipe dry and apply the following: Gum camphor rubbed fine, two ounces; fluid extract lobelia, two ounces; olive oil, six ounces; mix. Milk thoroughly clean several times a day.

Inversion of the Uterus

Sometimes inversion of the uterus or "calf bed" takes place after the calf has been delivered. It can be known by the large bloody-looking, pear shaped mass protruding or hanging from the vagina.

Treatment. - Remove all straw and dirt from the mass with warm water, and place a clean sheet under it to keep it from the ground. Oil the hand, insert the closed fist into one of the horns (two openings at the large end of the uterus), and push it as far in as possible; have an assistant to place his hands against this and hold it while you do the same with the other side. When the entire mass has been returned take a large needle and a strong twine and put four or five stitches across the vulva or mouth of the vagina to prevent the uterus from being expelled again. If the cow continues to strain, a couple of ounces of laudanum may be given in a pint of water as a drench. After trying all other remedies to prevent the uterus from being thrown out again, I have found nothing else so effectual as blistering the cow along the spine with ammoniacal lininent. The stitches should be left in for six or seven days.

Retention of Placenta

Sometimes the placenta or afterbirth does not come away. A pint of scalded flax seed fed to the cow will often have the desired result. If it does not come away it should not be taken sooner than twenty-four, nor later than forty-eight hours, as to take it sooner might cause bleeding and later than forty-eight hours, decay would begin.