Ascending margin of the preopercle oblique: dorsal with the posterior rays a little the longest: body red; with three dark spots on each side, two at the base of the dorsal fin, and one between the dorsal and the caudal.

L. trimaculatus, Gmel. Linn. torn. 1. part iii. p. 1294. Shaw, Nat. Misc. vol. xix. pl. 786. Don. Brit. Fish. vol. iii. pl. 49. Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 99. L. carneus, Bloch, Ichth. pl. 289. Trimaculated Wrasse, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. 111. p. 248. pl. 46. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. in. p. 336. pl. 56. Red Wrasse, Yarr. Brit. Fish. vol. 1. p. 286. La Vieille couleur de chair, Cuv. Beg. An. torn. 11. p. 256.


From eight to twelve inches.


(Form). Oblong, elongated, and rather slender; the back and profile nearly in a straight line: snout longer and more produced than in either of the two last species: greatest depth contained about four times and a half in the entire length: teeth numerous, conical, the anterior ones longest: ascending margin of the preopercle oblique, forming with the basal a much more obtuse angle than in the L. variegatus: course of the lateral line rather above one-fourth of the depth: dorsal and anal much as in L. variegatus; the former with the posterior rays a little the longest: anal terminating a little before the dorsal: caudal even, or very slightly rounded, with rows of scales between the rays:

D. 18/13; A. 3/11; C. 13; P. 15; V. 1/5.

(Colours). "Pervading colour a fine orange, varying to red upon the back, and becoming paler and whiter towards the belly: dorsal and tail a rich orange; the former strongly marked with dark purplish black, and prettily edged with blue; the rest of the fins of a paler hue: the three dark spots at the posterior extremity of the back of a rich blackish purple; contiguous to these are four other spots of a delicate rose-colour; two disposed in the space between the three dark ones, and the third and fourth placed one at each extremity of the outermost ones, so as to form together a series of seven spots, alternately of a pale rose-colour and a very deep purple." Don.

Apparently a rare species in the British seas. Pennant's specimen was taken on the coast of Anglesea; Donovans on the south coast of Devonshire near Exmouth. It has also occurred in Cornwall, and in the Frith of Forth. Obs. Fleming has erroneously considered this species and the Striped Wrasse as mere varieties of the L. maculatus.

(12). L. Bimaculatus, Linn

Syst. Nat. torn. 1. p. 477. Bimaculated Wrasse, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. iii. p.247. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 335.

This must be considered a very doubtful species, especially as British. Pennant does not appear to have seen it himself, but to have inserted it simply on the authority of Brunnich, who is said to have observed it at Penzance. No one has met with it since.

(13). Cook (I.e. Coquus) Cornubiensium, Ray, Syn

Pise. p. 163. f. 4. Penn. Brit. Zool.vol. iii. p. 253. Id. (Edit. 1812). vol. iii. p. 340. Lab. Coquus, Turt. Brit. Faun. p. 99. Flem. Brit. An. p. 209.

Ray's description of this species, which is one of those discovered by Mr. Jago on the coast of Cornwall, is so short and imperfect as hardly to admit of its being identified with certainty. It is, however, in all probability the same as the L. variegatus already described. To the same species may be referred the Cuckow-Fish described by the editor of the last edition of the "British Zoology" (vol. iii. p. 341). Mr. Couch speaks of the Cook * as a species with which he is familiar, but he has not added any description of the fish to which he alludes.

( Lachnolaimus, Cuv.?)

(14). L. Suillus, Linn. Syst

Nat. torn. i. p. 476. Lachnolaimus suillus, Cuv. Reg. An. torn. ii. p. 257. note(l)? Hog Wrasse, Couch in Loud. Mag. of Nat. Hist. vol. v. p. 19.

Inserted by Mr. Couch in his " Fishes of Cornwall" on the authority of Osbeck, who mentionst† " Rock-Fish (Labrus Suillus, Linn)." amongst other species of fish which were brought on board his vessel by the people of the Scilly Islands. This bare statement, unaccompanied by any description of the fish alluded to, seems hardly sufficient ground for admitting the present species into the British Fauna.

(2. Julis, Cuv).