Plumage, above, variegated with black, gray, and ferruginous; beneath, yellowish white, with transverse undulating bars: occiput barred transversely.

S. Rusticola, Temm. Man. d'Orn. torn. II. p. 673. Woodcock, Mont. Orn. Diet, ty Supp. Bew. Brit. Birds, vol. II. p. 43. Selb. Illust. vol. ii. p. 107. pl. 23. f. 1.


Entire length thirteen inches nine lines: length of the bill (from the forehead) two inches nine lines, (from the gape) two inches seven lines and a half; of the tarsus one inch four lines and a half; of the middle toe one inch eight lines and a half; of the tail three inches three lines; from the carpus to the end of the wing seven inches ten lines: breadth, wings extended, twenty-four inches six lines.


Forehead and crown ash-gray, tinged with rufous; from the corner of the bill to the eyes a dusky streak; occiput with four broad transverse bars of blackish brown; rest of the upper parts variegated with chestnut-brown, ochre-yellow, and ash-gray, with zigzag lines and large irregular spots of black: throat plain white; rest of the under parts yellowish white, passing into rufous on the breast and fore part of the neck, with transverse undulating bars of dusky brown: quills barred with ferruginous and black on their outer webs: tail of twelve feathers, black, the outer webs edged with rufous; the tips ash-gray above, silvery white beneath: bill flesh-colour, tinged with gray: legs livid. The female is somewhat larger, with the colours more dull. (Egg). Pale yellowish white; the larger end blotched and spotted with ash-gray and two shades of reddish yellow brown: long. diam. one inch nine lines; trans, diam. one inch four lines.

A winter visitant, appearing regularly about the beginning of October, and departing in February or March. Frequents moist woods, and is of common occurrence in most parts of the kingdom. Occasionally known to breed with us. Nest placed on the ground, in a small hollow. Eggs four in number. Food, insects and worms.

(2. Scolopax, Vieill).