Forehead flat, longer than broad: horns taking their origin from the extremities of the occipital ridge.

B. Taurus, Desm. Mammal, p. 499. Flem. Brit. An. p. 24. Ox, Penn. Brit. Zool. vol. i. p. 18. pi. 2. Shaw, Gen. Zool. vol. II. pi. 208.


Varying extremely in the domesticated state in size and colour, as well as in the form and direction of the horns, which last are sometimes wholly wanting. A wild breed, (Bewick, Quad. p.38). formerly met with in Scotland, but now extinct, said to have been characterized by their white colour, with the muzzle and ears black.

Is capable of breeding at the age of two years. Goes nine months with young, and produces one, rarely two, at a time. The two central incisors are shed in the tenth month ; the adjoining ones in the sixteenth; by the end of the third year the change is wholly completed.