[A summary from addresses at the recent conventions of the Massachusetts Federation of Planning Boards, National Association of Civic Secretaries, Pennsylvania Housing and Town Planning Association, and Pennsylvania Association of Planning Commissioners.]
1. A reasonably accurate picture, based on a careful survey kept constantly up to date, of what our local housing conditions actually are.
2. A clear-cut assignment and acceptance of obligations for housing betterment between the municipal government on the one hand and individuals on the other.
3. Vigorous and effective action, by civic and welfare organizations, as spurs and guides to public and private activity.
5. The adoption and enforcement of a comprehensive zoning ordinance which will not allow anti-social or needlessly intensive use of the land in any part of the community.
6. Accurate assessment of real estate and more scientific use of the taxing power and of excess condemnation as incentives or aids to adequate and low-cost housing.
7. Adequate control of new real-estate subdivisions.
8. Intelligent consideration by the city government of the effects on housing betterment and slum prevention of foresighted city planning, adequate transportation, and municipal improvements, such as street widening and paving, playground development, and extensions to the sewerage system.
9. Maintenance of sanitary and safety standards, including periodic inspection of multi-family buildings, and education of tenants by the health and fire departments; and insistence on the rehabilitation or demolition of buildings when slum conditions begin to develop.
1 In American City, April, 1930.
10. General acceptance by landowners, building developers, and realtors of the fact that their activities have an inescapable relationship to the public welfare.
11. Greater willingness by men of means and financial institutions to invest liberally in large-scale, low-cost housing enterprises, thus helping to solve the housing problem for the lower economic groups.
12. Realization that adequate and wholesome housing for all its members is of vital importance to the whole community, and that, if any families or individuals are unable to pay a fair return upon its cost, proper housing must nevertheless be provided for them. Any discrepancies between economic rent and ability to pay should be met by additions to income, not by reducing rents below an economic level. For those capable of self-support, the line of progress lies in raising wage-rates and in training for more productive labor; while those who are physically or mentally incapable of earning a living wage must be frankly accepted as charges upon the community.