This section is from the book "Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry, And Building", by James C. et al. Also available from Amazon: Cyclopedia Of Architecture, Carpentry And Building.
A method of finishing open-grained interior woodwork, which has been practiced for a few years, consists in first staining the wood with a water-stain - dyeing it, usually - and then, when it is dry, filling the pores of the wood with a paste filler which has been colored by the addition of a pigment. For example, the wood may receive a stain of any dark color, and the wood-filler be mixed with white lead. This shows the open or porous part of the grain in white on a dark background. By using artistic combinations of color in the stain and filler, very beautiful effects can be produced, and this finish has been used in some of the most handsome and costly public and private buildings. Thus, if a room is to be decorated in green, the woodwork can be made to harmonize with the prevailing color. An oil stain must not be used on the wood, as it will not work well with the filler. The colored filler is applied and rubbed off in the same way that any paste filler is used, and then the varnish is applied over it in the usual way.