This section is from the "Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy" book, by Lee H. McCoy. Also see Amazon: Origin Of Architectural Design Or The Archaeology Of Astronomy.
The ancient cities of the Central American countries and Peru have divulged architectural designing and sculpture in which we observe a remarkable number of symbolic forms which have evidently been derived from certain star figures. This is notably so in regard to the cross and religious rites and symbolisms connected therewith.
It is well known with arch‘ologists what prominent place the different symbols of the cross occupied in the beliefs prevalent in the Americas.
The Swastika As One Form was very common, not only in many parts of America, but also in eastern countries. In many temples the cross was the central figure of religious rites and ceremonies. The emblem of the cross symbolism has evidently been taken from the heavens, judging by the evidence that can be gathered. As an example of this we cite the remarkable analogy between the starry figure of the "Northern Cross" with its attendant human form, and sculptured figures in one of the temples of the cross. With a little study the resemblance is seen to be so close that there can be little doubt as to their source.
The Pyramid as a derivation from the arrangement of the stars is also quite common both in eastern and western countries. The Pyramid, some believe, passed through a succession of progressive stages from the more ancient mounds and tumuli, through the truncated forms, to the state of perfection in the Great Pyramid. This theory, we believe will be later proven in error; and, on the contrary, that the Pyramid proper, and the truncated form, the mounds and tumuli have had an altogether different origin.
The Pyramid Is Found not only in various parts of the United States, but also throughout the peninsular countries of America, in Mexico and Peru. They are of various forms, yet we believe the proper distinction between each can easily be made after a thorough study of this subject.
The tradition of a Mountain In The North, which existed not only in eastern but also in western countries, becomes perfectly clear, we believe, when considered analogous to the early Mounds and Tumuli, and, as a result, a derivation from the heavens also. I shall later show the configuration among the stars from which the ancients derived the peculiar form of their burial mounds and their legend regarding a mountain in the north. At least, the general characteristics of the grouping of stars in question bear a remarkable analogy to these structures, and there can remain little doubt as to their origin when we shall have made a close study of the evidence.
Inasmuch as the above analogies promise to throw considerable light Upon Ancient Symbolism as it existed in the Americas, we may also reasonably expect that they will give us some insight into the hieroglyphics written upon the walls and monumental structures of the ruined cities, and upon the rocks in localities far distant from each other. It is but reasonable to suppose that were we able to understand the religious rites depicted upon the walls of these ancient temples, we should also be able to interpret the language characters attendant, by comparison. In fact, such procedure has greatly facilitated the interpretation of the Egyptian language.
The alignment of the streets or public ways of different ruined cities of America, as well as the arrangement of the public buildings and temples, seems also to have been derived from the heavens. This is especially true in the case of Cuzco The Sacred City of the ancient Peruvians, located at the intersection of two great national highways which cross each other at right angles and divide the kingdom into four equal prefectures. The Peruvians seem to have placed great value upon the cross, and, we believe, derived the same from the heavens, perhaps from one of the intersections of the two great rings of the cosmos, the Galaxy and the Zodiacal belt. Some advocate the "Southern Cross" of the southern hemisphere as the source of the symbol of the cross but we consider the above more in keeping with science.
It will be noted that much of the early architectural designing was apparently Copied From The Starry Figures.
This is especially true in the case of the Cyclopean walls which are found not only in Greece but also in Egypt and Peru. It is believed that one of the walls of the city of Jerusalem is of a like nature or plan as the Cyclopean walls, and perhaps was patterned after them.
Many of the temples also show an alignment to agree with a starry model. Many examples of this feature of construction are found in India and in Egypt, and evidence is sufficiently strong to warrant a special study of this peculiarity.
There is proof sufficient to warrant the belief that the ancients were Astronomers of no mean ability and that they had detected a wonderful truth written in starry characters which has eluded our grasp through the centuries, only to be rediscovered at this late date, when it seems to come as a rebuke to a very materialistic world for neglecting the more sublime aspect of the heavens.
When we step out at night and see these emblematic figures lying deep in the depths of the cosmos, Symbolic Of Immortality And A Judgment to come, we cannot but wonder that the ancients drew therefrom such wonderful concepts of divinity and beauty, although crudely applied in art and science.
"When I survey the bright Celestial sphere, So rich with jewels hung, that night Doth like an Ethiop bride appear; My soul her wings doth spread, And heavenward flies, The Almighty's mysteries to read In the large volumes of the skies".
Yet we think that when we have succeeded in arriving at the true meaning or value of religious customs and beliefs we shall find that in most cases their real beauty has been hidden from us.