Part Four

Fasten a sheet of tracing paper over the first floor plan which has just been completed and draw the plan of the second floor. This involves more than is at first apparent. A preliminary study of the layout of stairways must be made so that the stair of the second floor plan will tie up with that of the first floor plan. Other stair drawings will be made later but a diagrammatic section should now be made similar to that on Plate 59. This will aid in determining the number and location of risers and treads, which information is necessary in preparing the plan. The basement plan would ordinarily be drawn next, but it would illustrate the same points as the other two plans and so may be omitted as a practice sheet if desired.

Part Five

Working on tracing paper over the plans, lay out the front elevation, then a side elevation as suggested by the sketch, Plate 76. These drawings will necessitate a study of elevations on page 50, a careful look at Plates 21 to 30 and at the window elevations on the detail plates. Before attempting these two sheets, read again the articles on scale drawings and dimensioning and, if possible, look at a number of residence elevations in the architectural magazines. Constant reference should be made to these helps as the work progresses. The drawing of a wall section as described on page 50 should be studied carefully in connection with these sheets.

Part Six

A scale detail of a part of the elevation may now be made at 3/4" = 1' - 0". Select an interesting portion such as that containing the main entrance or an equally good subject. This should present about the information that is given on Plate 28 or the Breakfast Bay of Plate 29. Study closely these plates and the article on page 51.

Part Seven

Work out a typical double-hung or casement window detail depending on which type is used in the house. Study the notes accompanying the detail and try to commit the drawing to memory as the work is done. This sheet should contain drawings made at two different scales. Draw an elevation (half outside and half inside) similar to that on Plate 49 and, beside it, a complete vertical section. Below the elevation draw a complete horizontal section or plan. These three drawings should be made at a scale of 3/4" = 1' = 0". The larger detailed sections should be made at a scale of 3" = 1' - 0".

Part Eight

Details of the interior are next in order. They should be drawn at a scale of 1/2" = 1' - 0" with larger scale and sometimes full-size sections of the parts where needed. An excellent exercise here would be to draw the plan of a kitchen conforming with the requirements of the Kitchen Score Card of page 17. Study also Plate 30 and the text. After the plan is drawn, work out details of the cupboards, etc., at the scale desired.

Part Nine

After having secured a reasonable mastery of the drawings necessary for a simple residence, the student might proceed with one more complicated or of a different material and detail. Another valuable exercise at this time would be to measure up a simple residence and make a set of drawings of it. This must be done whenever extensive remodeling is to be undertaken.

Part Ten

The pictorial methods might well be taken up next, particularly perspective. After a study of the method, a perspective of the house previously drawn might be made.

Part Eleven

A study of the Orders of Architecture would now give the student a knowledge of the details of more pretentious buildings. A drawing should be made of each Order and its principal proportions committed to memory. These drawings should be done on water-color paper as they make ideal subjects for practice in rendering the shades and shadows. Use Whatman's cold pressed paper, Imperial size, for this purpose. On each sheet draw the complete Order at a small scale and at as large a scale as possible draw the entablature, column capital, and base (leaving out a section of the shaft), and the pedestal. Plate 17, which is an example of student work, will give an idea as to how the sheet may be laid out and a suggestion for a background. The student may use his ingenuity here to produce a great variety of interesting backgrounds. In connection with a study of the Orders should come a practice sheet of the Acanthus Leaf as described on page 125 and Plate 74, and some attention to the Mouldings of page 127 and Plate 75.

Part Twelve

The subject of Shades and Shadows, page 33, might be studied now and as many sheets devoted to its application as the student sees fit. On the first sheet draw and work out the shadows of a few simple block combinations, making use of the fundamentals as suggested on Plate 13. After these are understood, a more complicated object such as that of Plate 14, might be considered. The Orders of Architecture then make excellent subjects, for further study and practice.

Part Thirteen

Having drawn the shadows of a few objects, the next subject for attention is Rendering. Study the text, pages 43 and 45, and follow the instructions there given as to the first practice sheet which is illustrated on Plate 18. Here, again, the Orders will serve as practice exercises if desired after which the student may choose such further subjects as he may fancy.