75 Au Bailiff Et Provost De Chuddelegh Saluz

Parceo que le Dean et Chapitre d'Excestre nous sunt ore tard (i.e. ad horam tardam? lately; v. Brachet, Dictionnaire Etym in v. Desormais) requis, que nous lour cidessioms (caderemus) de merym (maremium, timber) a perfourmer losur (Posuvre) de nre Eglise d'Excestre, nous mandons que vous facez livrer au gardeyne de meisme loevre 12 Cheynes convenables pour la dit Eglise Don a nre manoir de clist le v jour d Juyl lan de notre Sacre xi." - Grandisson, Beg. vol. ii. fol. 210).

76 Fabric Roll 1331-2

"In 25 summis equorum zabilon. empt pro ckustro 9d." " For twenty-five horse loads of sand for the cloister 9d." "1000 lath nails, and "helyng pinnes, for do." "Iron for the gates 2s. 4d." Fabric Roll 1342-3. "S. Clifford sculpanti 18 capites, 3s. 9d.: 10 do. 2s." The price indicates small heads, and the number (28) suggests the cloister: just as in 1435-6, the Boll records " the painting of fifty-seven bosses in the south ambulatory," i.e. eight for each of the seven compartments, and two halves just as in the Choir, Note 35. The older cloister is no doubt referred to in Boll 1352 "the gutters of the work above the cloister." (Oliver.)

77 Fabric Boll 1346

(Jan. to April) "Adhuc custus porticoium ecclesiae... In stip. Luck, et Alfred preparant. 14 petras tabulating apud La Welle per 1 ebdom. 2s. 8d. Etiam tribus petris ejusdem tabulaturae usque Exon car 3d. Et in stip. B. Crock pro 4 petris ejusd: tabul. sculpand 8d."

78 Fabric Boll 1348

"De 10 lib. recept ex Dono. Episc. pro constructione porticorum."

79 Fabric Boll 1349-50

" In locatione unius scriptoris ad scribencrtm 800 indulgentia pro fabrica ecclesie 8s." In 1341 three Braunton men were fined for the benefit of the fabric. (Deed 710.)

80 See the Boll,, Oliver, p. 384.

81 Fabric Boll 1350-1

"Ad purgandum domum capitul-arium quae vocatur le Holdecheker: et mundandum erbarium in claustro eccl." Two carpenters ad faciendum novum opus, videlicet novas formulas in choro, et cistas ibidem.

82 Ibid

"In v. famulas ad claudendum fenestras circa ecclesium cum luto per consilium dominorum. Decan. et capituli 6s. 3d." " Hire of five servants to close the windows all round the Church (i.e. the nave) with clay." "One mason painting all the windows libero mortareo." "300 1/2 barrow loads (summariis) of clay (or chalk) for closing the windows." "Argillum, a chalky earth," Facciolati in v.

83 Oliver P. 379

The work about thebellscalled "Walter" and Bokerell" is curiously parallel to that about the bell "Grandisson " in 1350: as no doubt both of these were the gift of Walter Bronescombe, the donor of "Bokerel" to maintain services in St. Gabriel's Chapel. Oliver p. 45, 40.

84 Oliver P. 370

The Fabric Roll of 1392-3 has also "In rendic Henr. Blackborne per senesc scaccarii pro choro ecclesias 597 ped. marmor." From Henry Blackborne through the warden of the exchequer, 597 feet of marble for the Choir of the Church."

85 Fabric Roll, 1429-30

"Solut. Henr. Glasier de Exon pro vitriatione novae fenestras in turri occidentali Cath. Exon per ipsum vitriat hoc anno cont. in toto 258 pedes vitri, capient proquoque pede 14d. minus in toto 12d., œ15." "To Henry, Glazier, of Exeter, for glazing the new window in the western tower of Exeter Cathedral, glazed by him this year, containing in all 258 feet of glass, he receiving for each foot 14d., minus 12d. on the whole, œ15." The amount of glass is somewhat scanty for the west window, but white glass is perhaps not included.

86 Dr. Hickes' objections are - (1) That the writing of the charter is Norman, or Roman, rather than Saxon, and is such as did not come into use until after Henry I, i.e., for eighty years later. Am. Edward Confessor's Norman education would lead him to employ Norman scribes, so anticipating the effects of the Conquest; and as a matter of fact, writing every way agreeing with this is found in numerous undoubted charters of Edward: e.g., in his grant of land to Leofric, of which presently. The superior beauty of the execution of our charter is just what we might expect on so memorable an occasion. Dr. Hickes further declares that there is not a single Saxon letter in the charter. This suggests a suspicion that the Chapter of that day, who (he tells us) lent him the charter, sent him some duplicate; for in the one before us not only are the signatures Saxon throughout, but the Latin abounds in Saxon letters, as may be seen in the photograph. But (2) "According to the Saxon Chronicle," says Dr. Hickes, Eadsinus, Archbishop of Canterbury, whose signature is attached, resigned in 1043, and died in 1047, three years before." Am. It is seldom safe, indeed, to dispute the authority of the Saxon Chronicle; but in this instance it is certainly wrong. Florence of Worcester, and others, place his death at 1050, as Dr. Hickes allows. But in truth there are no less than five genuine charters of later date than 1047, signed by him; one as late as 1052. (Kemble, Nos. 787, 790, 792-3-6). And the fact of his resignation, which is at first sight fatal to our charter, turns to a strong testimony to its genuineness. For, as will be observed (see photograph), Eadsinus does not sign as "Archbishop of Canterbury" but only as "Archbishop," while ’lfric signs as Archbishop of York. This exact fitting in of the charter into the historic facts of the period is beyond the skill of the forger, and may alone be accepted as stamping it as genuine. But in truth the same habit of signature is found in twelve charters marked as genuine by Kemble (Nos. 769-778, and as above).