This section is from the book "Modern Buildings, Their Planning, Construction And Equipment Vol2", by G. A. T. Middleton. Also available from Amazon: Modern Buildings.
The following Specification is started at "Excavator," but should of course be preceded by such extracts from the General Conditions as might either directly or indirectly affect the price, and such general items as the paying of fees, provision of hoarding, and scaffolding, etc.; and sheds for workmen, taking up stacking and relaying paving, etc., all of which would be included under the heading of General Conditions and Preliminaries.
It is intended to apply generally to such buildings as the draper's shop illustrated in Plate III., and it has been prepared in conformity with the best London practice, giving as much assistance as possible to the quantity surveyor and the builder, every item being easy to find and clearly specified. At the same time, it should in no case be slavishly copied, but be rather treated as a skeleton model on which to base other work of similar character.
Alternative methods and materials are printed in Italics