(Contributed by H. Kennard)

The art of Joinery is that of converting timber from its rough state into the various fittings and finishings required to complete a building. In bygone years the joiners' art was a much more laborious one than at the present time. The invention and gradual introduction, from time to time, of labour-saving machinery has rendered the task of the modern joiner a vastly different one to that of his confrere of but a few decades back. Perhaps in no other department of construction has machinery superseded hand labour to anything like an equal extent. While this has undoubtedly largely affected the prices of joiners' work, principally of the commoner class, it has also had the effect of stimulating the mechanic to higher aims, and to-day specimens of workmanship can be obtained of a standard far and away above that of pre-machinery days.

While it is not intended to enter into a description of wood-working machinery, a short summary of the various kinds of wood, principally those used in joinery, may be found useful.