999. To secure the undisputable right of reproducing certain photographic negatives and prints is often desirable. Our own government, as well as that of foreign countries, has a system known as copyright, which offers protection on all subjects, such as musical composition, art models, books, magazines, photographs, etc. The purpose of this chapter is to clearly define only those portions of the new United States law, which went into effect July 1, 1909, that apply to photographic negatives and prints. To those unfamiliar with the subject it may be well to state that this new copyright law is very materially different from the old one, but we will not dwell on this.

1000. Securing Copyright Protection

Securing Copyright Protection. To secure copyright protection all that is necessary is to file, with the Register of Copyrights, at Washington, D. C, a properly filled out "Application for Copyright" blank; also deposit two prints, if it is desired to reproduce such prints for sale. If, however, the photographer does not wish to reproduce his prints for sale, only one photographic print need be deposited with the claim of copyright. In either case it is necessary to place a notice of copyright on every print made as designated by the copyright law.

1001. It will thus be seen that copyrighting a photograph is not a difficult or troublesome task. Simply comply with the instructions given on the copyright application blank, which blank, together with a regular bulletin issued by the copyright office, can be secured by writing to the Librarian of Congress, Washington, D. C.

1002. All articles that can receive copyright protec-tion have been arranged in different classes. For instance, periodicals, including newspapers, are in Class b; musical compositions in Class e; photographs in Class;; while prints and pictorial illustrations belong to Class k; therefore, when making application for copyright of a photograph, specify Class;'. lure, however, to specify the classification of photographs will not invalidate nor impair the copyright protection.

1003. Two Complete Copies Of Best Edition

Two Complete Copies Of Best Edition. A very important consideration in connection with the securing of copyright protection is the depositing in the copyright office, or in the mail, addressed to the Register of Copyrights, Washington, D. C, two permanent prints from the negative on which copyright protection is claimed. (If the negative is not to be reproduced in copies for sale only one print need be deposited with the register of copyrights.)

1004. Failure To Deposit Copy

Failure To Deposit Copy. If the copies required by law are not promptly sent to the register of copyrights after having made the negative and filed the application for copyright protection, the register of copyrights may at any time after the negative is made, upon actual notice require the proprietor of the copyright to deposit them. If after the said demand shall have been made, in default of the deposit of the prints from the negative within three months from any part of the United States, except in outlying territorial possessions of the United States, or within six months from any outlying territorial possession of the United States, or from any foreign country, the proprietor of the copyright shall be liable to a fine of One Hundred Dollars, and to pay to the Librarian of Congress twice the amount of the retail price of the best edition of the work, and the copyright shall become void.