For the gallery making no pictures larger than 8x10, the above, figure 6, represents the camera box that is the best fitted in every respect. It is light, compact and durable, and it is most accurately adjusted for cartes de visite, cabinets, 4x4 or 8x10 pictures in every style, full length, half lengths or heads. It has the double swing back, with the tangent movement, and is fitted with the Benster holder, which is represented in the cut.
This style can be had in every variety of finish, from the plain to the most ornamented, in mahogany or ebonized wood, with brass fittings or nickel or silver-plated, as may be most desired.
For galleries where larger work is called for, figure 7 represents a box that is made in all the sizes from 11x14 to 25x30, and it is fitted with an attachment (see Fig. 8 for 8x10 to ¼ plate), thus enabling the photographer with one box to fill every order for pictures, from a card to a life-size portrait.
This box is fitted with the double swing back, tangent movement, the telescope bed, which renders it very compact, and with the Benster holders.
Figs. 10 and 11 represent varieties of cameras of a highly ornamental kind. They are made of hard wood, ebonized, and with nickel-plated fittings. -Fig. 10 has the Wright's patent metallic swing, Fig. 11, the tangent movement.
The "Benster" Plate-holder (see page 109) is intended to, and will undoubtedly, supersede the Bonanza holder for wet plate work, as it is a more perfect silver saver than the Bonanza, while its easy adjustability to every size of plate places it away ahead of anything known or in use heretofore. The operator who has ever used this holder will never consent to go back to any of the old styles while he can procure the Benster. The plate rests on pure silver wire, and there is a trough with large bottle beneath, into which all the silver waste readily finds its way. As the trough is raised, the upper ledge descends, so that the centre of the plate is at all times in the centre of the holder, no matter what size is used. This obviates the use of inside kits, and adapts itself at once to any size of plate, from the largest the holder will admit to one not under three inches square. This is unquestionably the best gallery plate-holder made. By a recent improvement, the horizontal bars may be instantly fastened for plates of any size, and there is also an attachment for the vertical adjustment. For dry plate studio work it is the holder par excellence.
Climax Royal Camera.
The M Success With Tangent Movement. Fig. 11.
Fig. 12. The "Benster" Plate-Holder.
Fig. 13.The Copying And Enlarging And Reducing Camera.
Copying constitutes a large portion of the business of every gallery, and a camera for that purpose is almost indispensable, as the portrait camera is entirely unfitted for a major portion of the copying work that comes.
The copying camera requires no swing back, but does require great length of bellows and bed, which has often to be supplemented by the cone when a very small picture is to be enlarged to a great size.
A special form of copying camera is adapted to enlarging and reducing negatives, and for making transparencies. This form, Fig. 14, can be so arranged as to render it possible to remove the lens from the posi-tion as seen in Fig. 14 to the front, so that the two forms, Figs. 13 and 14, might be combined in one for copying and making transparencies.