Same - Agreement In Consideration Of Marriage

41. The statute applies to "any agreement made upon consideration of marriage."

This clause of the statute does not apply to mutual promises to marry,56 but to promises in consideration of, or conditional upon,

51 NUGENT v. WOLFE, 111 Pa. 471, 4 Atl. 15, 5G Am. Rep. 291, Throckmorton Cas. Contracts, 62; May v. Williams, Gl Miss. 125, 48 Am. Rep. 80; Hurt v. Ford. 142 Mo. 283, 44 S. W. 228, 41 L. R. A. 823; Wolverton v. Davis, 85 Va. G4, 6 S. E. G19, 17 Am- St. Rep. 56. See Browne, Stat. Frauds, §§ 161, 162. See "Frauds, Statute of," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) §§ 20, 21; Cent. Dig. §§ 32, 33.

52 NUGENT v. WOLFE, 111 Pa. 471, 4 Atl. 15, 56 Am. Rep. 291, Throckmorton Cas. Contracts, G2. See "Frauds, Statute of," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) §§ 20, 21; Cent. Dig. §§ 32, 33.

53 Harrison v. Sawtell, 10 Johns. (N. Y.) 242, 6 Am. Dec. 337. See "Frauds, Statute of," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) §§ 20, 21; Cent. Dig. §§ 32, S3.

54 NUGENT v. WOLFE, 111 Pa. 471, 4 Atl. 15, 56 Am. Rep. 291, Throck-morton Cas. Contracts, G2. See "Frauds, Statute of," Deo. Dig. (Key-No.) §§ 20, 21; Cent. Dig. §§ 32, S3.

55 See cases cited supra, notes.

56 Clark v. Pendleton, 20 Conn. 495; Short v. Stotts. 58 Ind. 29; Blaekburr v. Mana, 85 111. 222; Lewis v. Tapman, 90 Md. 294, 45 Atl. 459, 47 L. R.

a marriage actually taking place, such as promises to pay money, or to make a settlement of property, if the marriage is consummated.57 An agreement between a man and woman that on their marriage the survivor shall take no interest in the property of the other, has been held to be a contract in consideration of marriage.58 On the other hand, an oral contract between a man and a woman, by which the man was to provide for the comfort and support of the woman during life, pay her debts, take care of, manage, and improve certain land so as to make it productive, and to that end that the parties should marry and live together on the land, which should be conveyed by the woman to the man in fee simple, was held not to be within the statute, on the ground that the consideration for the conveyance of the land was the provision for the support and comfort of the woman, and not the marriage.59

The marriage of the parties is not such part performance as will take an antenuptial contract out of the operation of the statute.60

385. "It would be imputing to the legislature too great an absurdity to suppose that they had enacted that all our courtships, to be valid, must be in writing." Withers v. Richardson, 5 T. B. Mon. (Ky.) 94, 17 Am. Dec. 44. See "Frauds, Statute of," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 3; Cent. Dig. § 3.

57 Caton v. Caton, L. R. 1 Ch. App. 137; Ogden v. Ogden, 1 Bland (Md.) 284; Crane v. Gough, 4 Md. 316; Henry v. Henry, 27 Ohio St. 121; Finch v. Finch, 10 Ohio St. 507; Deshon v. Wood, 148 Mass. 132, 19 N. E. 1, 1 L. R. A. 518; Chase v. Fitz, 132 Mass. 359; McAnnulty v. McAnnulty, 120 I11. 26.11 N. E. 397, 60 Am. Rep. 552; Richardson v. Richardson, 148 111. 563, 36 N. E. 608, 26 L. R. A. 305; Flenner v. Flenner, 29 Ind. 564; Caylor v. Roe, 99 Ind. 1; Lloyd v. Fulton, 91 U. S. 479, 23 L. Ed. 363; Frazer v. Andrews, 134 Iowa, 621, 112 N. W. 92, 11 L. R. A. (N. S.) 593, 13 Ann. Cas. 556. A contract by which each party is to retain the title to his or her property, and dispose of it as if unmarried, is within the statute. Mallory's Adm'rs v. Mallory's Adm'r, 92 Ky. 316, 17 S. W. 737. See "Frauds, Statute of," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) §§ 4, 5; Cent. Dig. §§ 4, 5.

58 Carpenter v. Comings, 51 Hun, 638, 4 N. Y. Supp. 947. See, also, Ennis v. Ennis, 48 Hun, 11. So, also, in case of an agreement that certain property shall go to the survivor. Hannon v. Hounihan, 85 Va. 429, 12 S. E. 157. And see White v. Bigelow, 154 Mass. 593, 28 N. E. 904; Adams v. Adams, 17 Or. 247, 20 Pac. 633. See "Frauds, Statute of," Deo. Dig. (Key-No.) §§ 4, 5; Cent. Dig. §§ 4, 5.

59 Larsen v. Johnson, 78 Wis. 300, 47 N, W. 615, 23 Am. St. Rep. 404. See "Frauds, Statute of," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) §§ 4-6; Cent. Dig. §§ 4-6.

60 HUNT v. HUNT, 171 N. Y. 396, 64 N. E. 159, 59 L. R. A. 306, Throckmorton Cas. Contracts, 66; Hannon v. Hounihan, 85 Va. 429, 12 S. E. 157. And see Johnstone v. Mappin, 60 Law J. Ch. 241; Flenner v. Flenner, 29 Ind. 564; Manning v. Riley, 52 N. J. Eq. 39, 27 Atl. 810. See "Frauds, Statute of," Dec. Dig. (Key-No.) § 6; Cent. Dig. § 6.