It was early settled that an infant's conveyance of realty can be avoided only after he has attained his majority, though it has been said that he may enter during his minority and receive the rents and profits.52

Contracts relating to personal property, however, it is well settled may be avoided by him during his minority. Thus in a sale or a contract to sell, an infant seller 53 or buyer,54 may repudiate his agreement while still an infant. The transitory nature of personal property makes this rule essential to his protection. And the rule is the same as to all other contracts which do not relate to real estate.55 Avoidance may be made by the infant after action brought against him at any time before judgment.56 Though an infant may thus avoid his sales, purchases, or contracts during infancy he can make no effective ratification until he becomes of age,57 for an infant's ratification clearly can be no more effectual than his original bargain.

51 Phillips v. Green, 5 T. B. Mon. 344; Haynes v. Bennett, 53 Mich. 15, 18 H. W. 539; Allen v. Poole, 54 Miss. 323; Singer Mfg. Co. v. Lamb, 81 Mo. 221, 225; White v. Flora, 2 Overt. 426.

52 Zoueh v. Parsons, 3 Burr. 1794; McCarthy v. Nicrotri", 72 Ala. 332, 335, 47 Am. Rep. 418; Harrod v. Myers, 21 Ark. 592, 76 Am. Dec. 409; Hastings v. Dollarhide, 24 Cal. 195; Watson v. Rudennan, 79 Conn. 687, 66 Atl. 515; Nathans v. Arkwright, 66 Ga. 179; Welch v. Bunce, 83 Ind. 382; Singer Mfg. Co. p. Lamb, 81 Mo. 221; Shipley v. Bunn, 125 Mo. 445,28 S. W. 754; Emmons v. Murray, 16 N. H. 385; Bool v. Mix, 17 Wend. 119,31 Am. Deo. 285; Kilgore v. Jordan, 17 Tex. 341; Wallace v. Leroy, 57 W. Va. 263, 267, 60 S. E. 243, 110 Am. St. Rep. 777. But see Chandler v. Simmons, 97 Mass. 508, 510, 93 Am. Dec. 117; Grissom v. Beidleman, 35 Okla. 343, 129 Pac. 853, 44 L. R, A. (N. S.) 411.

53 Shipman v. Horton, 17 Conn. 481; Shipley v. Smith, 162 Ind. 526, 528, 70 N. E. 803; Beickler v. Guenther, 121 Iowa, 419, 422, 96 N. W. 895; Bailey v. Bamberger, 11 B. Mon. 113; Towle v. Dresser, 73 Me. 252; Bloomingdale v. Chittenden, 74 Mich. 698, 42 N. W. 166; Star v. Watkins, 78 Neb. 610, 111 N. W. 363; Carr v. Clough, 26 N. H. 280, 59 Am. Dec. 345; Stafford v. Roof, 9 Cow, 626; Bool v. Mis, 17 Wend. 119, 31 Am. Dec. 285; Bartholomew v. Fmnemore, 17 Barb. 428; Gage v. Mencser (Tex. Civ. App.), 144 S. W. 717; Hoyt v. Wilkinson, 67 Vt. 404. See also Miller v. Smith, 26 Minn. 248, 2 N. W. 942, 37 Am. Rep. 407; Chapin v. Shafer, 49 N. Y. 407.

54 Riley v. Mallory, 33 Conn. 201; Rice v. Bayer, 108 Ind. 472, 9 N. E. 420, 58 Am. Rep. 53; Robinson v. Weeks, 56 Me. 102, 107; Edgerton v. Wolf, 6 Gray, 453; McCarthy v. Henderson, 138 Mass. 310; Hall v. Butter-field, 59 N. H. 354, 357, 47 Am. Rep. 209; Wooldridge v. Lavoie (N. H.), 104 Atl. 346; Hoyt v. Wilkinson, 57 Vt. 404.

55 Ex parte McFerren, 184 Ala. 223, 63 So. 159, 47 L. R. A. (N. S.) 643; Gonackey v. General Accident Fire & Life Assur. Corp., 6 Ga. App. 381, 65 S. E. S3 (a settlement of a claim under a life insurance policy); Adams v, Beall, 67 Md. 53, 8 Atl. 664, 1 Am. St. Rep. 379; Gillis v. Goodwin, 180 Mass.