Co., 22 Col. 28, 43 Pac 144; Skinner v. Harkar, 23 Col. 333, 48 Pac. 648; Starbird v. Cranston, 24 Col. 20, 48 Pac. 662; Cobb p. Fishel, 15 Col. App. 384, 62 Pac. Rep. 625. See also Lloyd v. Lowe (Colo.), 165 Pac. 609.

Connecticut. See Bassett v. Bradley, 48 Conn. 224; Lynch v. Mooer, 72 Conn. 714, 46 Atl. 153. Conf. Meech p. Ensign, 49 Conn. 191, 44 Am. Rep. 225; Raffel v. Clark, 87 Conn. 507, 89 Atl. 184; General Stat., Sec. 983.

Georgia. See Ford v. Finney, 36 Ga. 258.

Illinois. Rogers p. Herron, 92 111. 583; Thompson v. Dearborn, 107 111. 87; Bay p. Williams, 112 111. 91, 54 Am. Rep. 209; Hade v. Bandy, 173 11l. 302, 50 N. E. 671; Webster v. Fleming, 178 111. 140, 52 N. E. 975; Cotes v. Bennett, 183 11l. 82, 56 N. E. 661; Harts v. Emery, 84 111. App. 317, 184 111. 660, 56 N. E. 865; Baer v Knewiti, 39 111. App. 470; Ingram v. Ingram, 71 111. App. 497, 172 111. 287, 50 N. E. 198; Robinson v. Holmes, 75 111. App. 203; Boisot v. Chandler, 82 111. App. 261; Eggleston v. Morrison,

84 111. App. 625; Murray v. Emery,

85 111 App. 348, 187 111. 108, 58 N. E. Rep. 327; Socman p. Mills, 197 111. App. 589; Cory v. Puliea, 204 111. App. 590.

Indiana. Day v. Patterson, 18 Ind. 114; McDill v. Gunn, 43 Ind. 315; Smith v. Oetermeyer, 68 Ind. 432; Risk p. Hoffman, 69 Ind. 137; Caroa-han v. Touaey, 93 Ind. 561; Stanton p. Kenrick, 135 Ind. 382, 36 N. E. 19; Berkshire L. I. Co. v. Hutchings, 100 Ind. 496; Lowe v. Hamilton, 132 Ind. 406, 31 N. E. 1117.

Iowa. Corbett v. Waterman, 11 Ia. 86; Moses v. Clerk of Dallas Court,

12 Ia. 139; Thompson v. Bertram, 14 Ia. 476; Scott's Adm. v. Gill, 19 Ia. 187; Bowen p. Kurtz, 37 Ia. 239; Ross v. Kenniaon, 38 Ia. 396; Lamb v. Tucker, 42 Ia. 118; Luney v. Mead, 60 Ia. 489, 15 N. W. 290; Beeson v. Green, 103 Ia. 400, 72 N. W. 565; Boice p. Coffeen, 158 Ia. 705, 138 N. W. 857.

Kansas. Anthony p. Herman, 14 Kan. 494; Schmucker v. Sibert, 18 Kan. 104, 26 Am. Rep. 705; Rickman p. Miller, 39 Ran. 302, 18 Pac 304; Searing v. Benton, 41 Kan. 768, 21 Pac 800; Anthony p. Mott, 10 Kans. App. 105, 61 Pac Rep. 509.

Louisiana. Ferguson's Succession, 17 La. Ann. 255; Vinet v. Bros, 48 La, Ann. 1254, 20 So. 693.

Minnesota. Jordan p. White, 20 Minn. 91; Follansbee p. Johnson, 28 Minn. 311, 9 N. W. 882; Lahmers v. Schmidt, 35 Minn. 434, 29 N. W. 109; Scanlan v. Grimmer, 71 Minn. 351, 74 N. W. 140,70 Am. St. Rep. 320.

Mississippi. Vigniau P. Ruffina, I Miss. 312; Lee p. Newman, 55 Miss. 365; Barnes p. Jones, 111 Miss. 337, 71 So. 573.

Missouri. Belt v. McLaughlin, 12 Mo. 433; Cress p. Blodgett, 04 Mo. 449; Heim v. Vogel 69 Mo. 529; Fltz-gereld v. Barker, 4 Mo. App. 106,

70 Mo. 685, 13 Mo. App. 192, 85 Mo. 13, BO Mo. 661, 9 Am. St. Rep. 375; Nelson v. Brown, 140 Mo. 580,41N. W. 960, 62 Am. St. Rep. 755; Pratt p. Conway, 148 Mo. 291, 49 S. W. 1028,

71 Am. St. Rep. 602; Saunders v. Mc-Qintock, 46 Mo. App. 216; Commercial Bank p. Wood, 56 Mo. App. 214; Wayman p. Jones, 58 Mo. App. 313; Am. Nat. Bank v. Mock, 58 Mo. App. 336; Citizens' Bank p. Douglass, 178 Mo. App. 064, 161 S. W. 001; Greer p.

principle from a promise to pay any other debt, the question has been to some extent separately dealt with. Perhaps, be-

Orchard, 175 Mo. App. 494, 161 S. W. S7S. Page v. Becker, 31 Mo. 466, contra, is overruled.

Nebraska. Cooper v. Foss, 16 Neb. 515,19 N. W. 606; Bond v. Dolby, 17 Neb. 49, 23 N. W. 361; Rockwell v. Blair Bank, 31 Neb. 12S, 47 N. W. 641; Hare v. Murphy, 45 Neb. 809, 64 N. W. 211, 29 L. R. A. 861, 60 Neb. 135, 82 N. W. 312.

Nevada. Ruhling v. Hackett, 1 Nev. 360.

New York. Burr v. Beers, 24 N. Y. 178, 80 Am. Dec. 327; Ricard v. Sanderson, 41 N. Y. 179; Thorp v. Keokuk Coal Co., 48 N. Y. 263; Campbell v. Smith, 71 N. Y. 26, 27 Am. Rep. 5; Parkinson v. Sherman, 74 N. Y. 88, 30 Am. Rep. 268; Thayer v. Marsh, 76 N. Y. 340; Ayers v. Dixon, 78 N. Y. 318, 323; Judson v. Dada, 79 N. Y. 373; Hand v. Kennedy, 83 N. Y. 149; Root v. Wright, 84 N. Y. 72; Clifford v. Corrigan, 117 N. Y. 257, 22 N. E. 756, 6 L. R. A. 610, 16 Am. St. Rep. 608; New York L. I. Co. v. Aitkin, 126 N. Y. 660, 26 N. E. 732; Wager v. Link, 134 N. Y. 122,31 N. E. 213,150 N. Y. 649, 44 N. E. 1103; Blass v, Terry, 156 N. Y. 122, 50 N. E. 953; Hyde v. Miller, 168 N. Y. 590, 60 N. E. 1113. Compare the early New York decisions cited infra, Sec.384.

North Carolina. Springs v. Cole, 171 N.C.418, 88 S.E.72I.

North Dakota. See Moore v. Booker, 4 N. D. 543, 62 N. W. 607.

Ohio. Thompson v. Thompson, 4 Ohio St. 333, 363; Brewer v. Maurer, 38 Ohio St. 543, 43 Am. Rep. 436; Society of Friends v. Haines, 47 Ohio St. 423, 26 N. E. 119; Pendery v. Allen, 50 Ohio St. 121, 33 N. E. 716,19 L. R, A. 367.

Oregon. Windle v. Hughes, 40 Or. 1,65 Pac. 1058; Knighton v Cham-berlin, 84 Oreg. 163, 164 Pac. 703.

Pennsylvania. Hoff's App., 24 Pa. 200; Lennig's Est., 62 Pa. 136, 139; Merriman v. Moore, 90 Pa. 78; Blood v. Crew Levick Co., 177 Pa. 606, 35 Atl. 871,85 Am. St. Rep. 741; Wunder-lich v. Sadler, 189 Fa. 469, 470, 42 Atl. 109. See also Sloan tr. Klein, 230 Pa. 132, 79 Atl. 403; Faulkner v. McHenry, 236 Pa. 298, 83 Atl. 827.

Rhode Island. Urquhart v. Bray-ton, 12 R. I. 169; Mechanics Savings Bank v. Goff, 13 R. I. 516.

South Dakota. Granger v. Roll, 6 S. D. 611, 62 N. W. 970; Miller v. Kennedy, 12 S. D. 478, 481, 81 N. W. 906; Hull v. Hayward, 13 S. D. 291, 205, 83 N. W. 270, 79 Am. St. Rep. 890; Connor v. Jones, 72 N. W. Rep. 463.

Tennessee. Moore v. Stovall, 2 Les, 643; Merrimott v. Parkey, 136 Tain. 645, 191 S. W. 327.

Texas. McCown v. Schrimpf, 21 Tex. 22, 73 Am. Deo. 221; Huffman v. Western Mortgage Co., 13 Tex. Civ. App. 169, 36 S. W. 306.

Utah. Clark v. Fiat, 9 Utah, 94, 33 Pac. 248; Thompson v. Cheeseman, 15 Utah, 43, 48 Pac. 477; McKay v. Ward, 20 Utah, 149, 57 Pac. 1024, 46 L. R. A. 623.

Virginia. Casselman's Adm. v. Gordon, 118 Va. 553, 88 S. E. 58.