36 Clark v. Townsend, 96 Kan. 650, 153 Pac. 555 [rehearing denied, Clark v. Townsend, 97 Kan. 161, 154 Pac 1009].

37 Emery v. Hanna (Neb.), 94 N. W. 973.

38Aultman v. Clifford, 55 Minn. 159, 43 Am. St. Rep. 478, 56 N. W. 593. (Evidence allowed to show a contract as to quality of the article sold.)

39 Perkins v. Brown, 115 Mich. 41, 72 N. W. 1095. (Evidence admitted to show that vendor was to set out the trees and care for them.)

40 Harrison v. McCormick, 89 Cal. 327, 23 Am. St. Rep. 469, 26 Pac. 830.

41 Di Menna v. Copper & Evans Co., 220 N. Y. 391, 115 N. E. 993.

1 United States. In re Baird, 245 Fed. 504.

California. Ruiz v. Dow, 113 Cal. 490, 45 Pac. 867.

Connecticut. Lamkinv. Mfg. Co., 72 Conn. 57, 44 L. R. A. 786, 43 Atl. 593.

Illinois. Strain v. Hinds, 277 111. 598, 115 N. E. 563.

Indiana. Bever v. Bever, 144 Ind. 157, 41 N. E. 944; Citizens' Bank v. Opperman, - Ind. - , 115 N. E. 55.

Iowa. Hathaway v. Rogers, 112 Ia. 638, 84 N. W. 674; Rowe v. Rowe, - Ia. - , 174 N. W. 354.

Louisiana. Hutchinson v. Riggs-Ter-rell Lumber Co., 138 La. 355, 70 So. 324.

Massachusetts. Raphael v. Mullen, 171 Mass. 111, 50 N. E. 515.

Michigan. Buhl v. Bank, 123 Mich. 591, 82 N. W. 282.

Mississippi. Aetna Insurance Co. v. Smith, 117 Miss. 327, 78 So. 289.

Missouri. Hi11man v. Allen, 145 Mo. 638, 47 S. W. 509.

New Hampshire. Downes v. Congregational Society, 63 N, H. 151.

Oklahoma. Weiseham v. Hocker, 7 Okla. 250. 54 Pac. 464; Bank of Commerce v. Webster, - Okla. - , 172 Pac 943.

Pennsylvania. Shaeffer v. Sensenig, 182 Pa. St. 634. 38 Atl. 473.

South Dakota. Meyer v. Elevator Co.. 12 S D. 172, 80 N. W. 180.

Vermont. Bedell v. Wilder, 66 Vt. 406, 36 Am. St. Rep. 871, 26 Atl. 589.

Washington. Marks v. Seattle, 88 Wash. 61, 152 Pac. 706.

Wisconsin. Schierl v. Newburg, 102 Wis. 552, 78 N. W. 761; Smith v. Pflu-ger, 126 Wis. 253, 2 L. R. A. (N.S.) 783, 105 N. W. 476.

Wyoming. Bachmann v. Hurtt, - Wyom. - , 184 Pac. 709.

2 United States. Morgan v. Shinn, 82 U. S. (15 Wall.) 105, 21 L. ed.

87.

Arkansas. Lansdell v. Woods, 127 Ark. 466, 192 S. W. 715.

Georgia. Florida, etc., Ry. v. Usina, 111 Ga. 697, 36 S. E. 928.

Illinois. Strain v. Hinds, 277 111. 598, 115 N. E. 563.

Iowa. Zuber v. Johnson, 108 Ia. 273, 79 N. W. 76; Mahaffy v. Faris, 144 Ia. 220, 24 L. R. A. (N.S.) 840, 122 X. W. 934.

Kansas, Hubbard v. Cheney, 76 Kan.

222, 123 Am. St. Rep. 129, 15 L. R. A. (N.S.) 877, 91 Pac. 793.

Kentucky. Hobbs v. Rowland, 136 Ky. 197, L. R. A. 1916B, 1, 123 S. W. 1185.

Louisiana. Hutchinson v. Riggs-Ter-rell Lumber Co., 138 La. 355, 70 So. 324.

Michigan. Buhl v. Bank, 123 Mich. 591, 82 N. W. 282.

Missouri. Hillman v. Allen, 145 Mo. 638, 47 S. W. 509.

North Carolina. Watkins v. Williams, 123 N. Car. 170. 31 S. E. 388.

Oklahoma. Weiseham v. Hocker, 7 Okla. 250, 54 Pac. 464.

Pennsylvania. Myerstown Bank v. Roessler, 186 Pa. St. 431, 40 Atl. 963.

Texas. Masterson v. Burnett, 27 Tex. Civ. App. 370, 66 S. W. 90.

Wisconsin. Schierl v. Newburg, 102 Wis. 552, 78 N. W. 761; Smith v. Pfluger, 126 Wis. 253, 2 L. R. A. (N.S.) 783, 105 N. W. 476.

Contra, Munford v. Green, 103 Ky. 140, 44 S. W. 419.

3 Hubbard v. Cheney, 76 Kan. 222, 123 Am. St. Rep. 129, 15 L. R. A. (N.S.) 877, 91 Pac. 793.

4 Lease. Meyer v. Elevator Co., 12 S. D. 172, 80 N. W. 189. Bill of sale. Raphael v. Mullen, 171 Mass. 111, 50

N. E. 515; Martin v. Martin, 43 Or. 119, 72 Pac. 639. Assignment of bill of lading. Walker v. Bank, 43 Or. 102, 72 Pac. 635. Assignment of note. Clark v. Ducheneau, 26 Utah 97, 72 Pac. 331. Power of attorney. Coldwater National Bank v. Buggie, 117 Mich. 416, 75 N. W. 1057. 5Lansdell v. Woods, 127 Ark. 466, 192 S. W. 715.

6 Loud v. Hamilton (Tenn. Ch. App.), 45 L. R. A. 400, 51 S. W. 140.

7Honaker v. Vesey, 57 Neb. 413, 77 N. W. 1100.

The purpose of a mortgage may be shown by oral evidence if not set forth in the instrument. Bachmann v. Hurtt, - Wyom. - , 184 Pac. 709.

8Tapia v. Demartini, 77 Cal. 383, 11 Am. St. Rep. 288, 19 Pac. 641.

9Neresheimer v. Smyth, 167 N. Y. 202, 60 N. E. 449.

10 Connecticut. Dale v. Gear, 38 Conn 15, 9 Am. Rep. 353.

Illinois. Jones v. Albee, 70 111. 34.

Kansas. Lovejoy v. Bank, 23 Kan. 331.

Massachusetts. Kendall v. Assurance Society, 171 Mass. 568, 51 N. E. 464.

Missouri. Ittner v. Hughes, 154 Mo. 55, 55 S. W. 267.

Ohio. Hudson v. Wolcott, 39 O. S. 618.

South Carolina. Westbury v. Simmons, 57 S. Car. 467, 35 S. E. 764.

111 Hieronymus v. Glass, 120 Ala. 46, 23 So. 674 [disapproving, Moseley v. Moseley, 86 Ala. 289, 5 So. 732]; Get-telman v. Assurance Co., 97 Wis. 237, 72 N. W. 627.

12 Davis v. Light Co., 57 Minn. 402, 47 Am. St. Rep. 622, 59 N. W. 482.

13 In re Baird, 245 Fed. 504; Kendall v. Assurance Society, 171 Mass. 568, 51 N. E. 464; Aetna Insurance Co. v. Smith, 117 Miss. 327, L. R. A. 1918D, 1158, 78 So. 289. The evidence however was insufficient in Reinhardt v. Marks' Administrator (Ky.), 93 S. W. 32, 29 Ky. Law Rep. 388; Westbury v. Simmons, 57 S. Car. 467, 35 S. E. 764.

14 Ittner v. Hughes, 154 Mo. 55, 55 S. W. 267.

15 Matthews v. Forslund, 112 Mich. 591, 70 N. W. 1105.

16 Marks v. Seattle, 88 Wash. 61, 152 Pac. 706.

17 Johnston v. Schnabaum, 86 Ark. 82,

17 L. R. A. (N.S.) 838, 109 S. W. 1163; Citizens' State Bank v. Tessman, 121 Minn. 34, 45 L. R. A. (N.S.) 606, 140 N. W. 178; Howell v. McCarty, 77 W. Va. 695, 88 S. E. 181.

18 First National Bank v. Reinman, 93 Ark. 376, 28 L. R. A. (N.S.) 530, 125 S. W. 443.

19 Citizens' Bank v. Opperman, - Ind. - , 115 N. E. 55.

20 Illinois. Champlin v. Champlin, 136 111. 309, 29 Am. St. Rep. 323, 26 N. E. 526.

Iowa. Burden v. Sheridan, 36 Ia. 125, 14 Am. Rep. 505.

Massachusetts. Livermore v. Aldrich, 59 Mass. (5 Cush.) 431; Blodgett v. Hildreth, 103 Mass. 484.

Texas. Neill v. Keese, 5 Tex. 23, 51 Am. Dec. 746; Smith v. Eckford (Tex.),

18 S. W. 210.

New Jersey. Depeyster v. Gould, 3 N. J. Eq. 474, 29 Am. Dec. 723. West Virginia. Deck v. Tabler, 41

W. Va. 332, 56 Am. St. Rep. 837, 23 8. E. 721.

21 Chicago, etc., Ry. v. Bank, 68 Neb. 548, 78 N. W. 1064. See however, Eden-born v. Blacksher, 137 La. 894, 69 So. 737.

22 Northrop v. Hale, 72 Me. 275; Ger-rish v. New Bedford Institution, 128 Mass. 159, 35 Am. Rep. 365; Chace v. Chapin, 130 Mass. 128; Barnes v. Traf-ton, 80 Va. 524.

23 Thompson v. Caruthers, 92 Tex. 530, 50 S. W. 331.

24 United States. Burnes v. Scott, 117 U. S. 582, 29 L. ed. 991.

Iowa. Dickson v. Harris, 60 Ia. 727, 13 N. W. 335.

Michigan. Adair v. Adair, 5 Mich. 204, 71 Am. Dec. 779; Crane v. Bay-ley, 126 Mich. 323, 86 N. W. 874.

Minnesota. Gilbert v. Thompson, 14 Minn. 544.

Montana. Ming v. Pratt, 22 Moot. 262, 56 Pac. 279.

25 American National Bank v. Harlan, 89 Md. 675, 43 Atl. 756. See to the same effect, Holtheide v. Smith (Ky.), 74 S. W. 68ft.

26Hall v. Small, 178 Mo. 62ft, 77 S. W. 733.

27Hoshaw v. Cosgriff, 247 Fed. 22; Barfield v. Dwight, 146 Ga. 824, 92 S.

E. 633; Wolf v. Lawrence, 276 111. 11, 114 N. E. 567.

28 Barfield v. Dwight, 146 Ga. 824, 92 S. E. 633.

29Hoahaw v. Cosgriff, 247 Fed. 22.

30 Wolf v. Lawrence, 276 111. 11, 114 N. E. 567.

31 See Sec. 2183.