If the parties to a contract have reduced it to writing, and if such written contract is clear and unambiguous,1 and if it appears upon its face to be complete and to embody all the terms upon which the parties have agreed,2 the parties are regarded by the law as having intended that such written contract should be the final repository of their common intention; and it is accordingly held that such written contract merges all their prior and contemporaneous negotiations.3

1 Arkansas. Luce v. Arkansas Brick & Mfg. Co., 125 Ark. 210, 188 S. W. 566.

Georgia. Townsend v. Southern Product .Co., 127 Ga. 342, 119 Am. St. Rep. 340, 56 S. E. 436.

Illinois. Roberts v. Dazey, 284 111. 241, 119 N. . 910.

Iowa. Conklin v. Silver, - la. - , 174 N. W. 573.

Kansas. Walsh v. Kansas Fuel Co., 102 Kan. 29, 169 Pac. 219.

Maine. Bell v. Flanders, 115 Me. 332, 98 Atl. 825; Bassett v. Breen, - Me. - , 107 Atl. 832.

Michigan. Lake Erie Land' Co. v. Chilinski, 197 Mich. 214, 163 N. W. 929; Ogooshevitz v. Arnold, 197 Mich. 203, 163 N. W. 946; Phelps v. Brevoort - Mich. - , 174 N. W. 281.

Montana. Pritchett v. Jenkins, 52 Mont. 81, 155 Pac. 974.

Nebraska. Roden v. Williams, 100 Neb. 46, 158 N. W. 360.

New Hampshire. Hill v. Hill, 74 N. H. 288, 12 L. R. A. (N.S.) 848, 67 Atl. 406.

North Carolina. A. B. Farquhar Go. v. Hardy Hardware Co., 174 N. Oar. 369, 93 S. E. 922.

Oklahoma. Brown v. Connecticut Fire Ins. Co., 52 Okla. 392, 153 Pac. 173; Futoransky v. Pope, 57 Okla. 755, L. R. A. 1916F, 548, 157 Pac. 905; Lusk v. White, - Okla. - , 161 Pac. 541.

Oregon. Hoffman v. Dorris, 83 Or. 625, 163 Pac. 972.

Vermont. Jones v. Campbell, - Vt. - , 102 Atl. 102.

Washington. Van Doren Roofing & Cornice Co. v. Guardian Casualty & Guaranty Co 99 Wash. 68, 168 Pac. 1124. See Sec. 2036.

2Hazen Mfg. Co. v. Wareham, 242 Fed. 642; Kerwin Machine Co. v. Baker, 199 Mich. 122, 165 N. W. 625; Snow v Beard, 82 Or. 518, 162 Pac. 258; Peterson v. Denny-Renton Clay & Coal Co., 89 Wash. 141, 154 Pac. 123. See Sec. 2151.

3 United States. Ryan v. Ohmer, 244 Fed. 31, - C. C. A. -; Simonton v Shaw, 246 Fed. 683; California Bridge & Const. Co. v. United States, 50 Ct.

cl. 40.

Arizona. Smith v. Mosbarger, 18 Ariz. 19, 156 Pac. 79.

Arkansas. Graves v. Bodcaw Lumber Co., 129 Ark.354, 196 S. W. 800.

California. Remsberg v. Hackney Manufacturing Co., 174 Cal. 799, 164 Pac. 792; Smith-Booth-Usher Co. v. Los Angeles Ice & Cold Storage Co., 175 Cal. 136, 165 Pac. 430.

Colorado. Frantz v. Bartels, - Colo. - , 165 Pac. 769.

District of Columbia. Kinney v. Mc-Nabb, 44 D. C. App. 340.

Georgia. Gray v. Phillips, 88 Ga. 199, 14 S. E. 205; McElveen v. Ry., 109 Ga. 249, 77 Am. St. Rep. 371, 34 S. E. 281.

Indiana. Walters v. Ward, 153 Ind. 578, 55 N. E. 735.

Iowa. Armstrong v. Cavanagh, - Ia. - , 166 N. W. 673 (obiter); Conklin v. Silver, - I . 174 N. W. 573.