It has been pointed out that obtaining goods by fraud constitutes conversion, and that consequently the victim of the fraud has the same right to elect assumpsit as in other cases of conversion (ante, Sec. 278). Even where a fraud does not amount to conversion, however, - as in the case of inducing the payment of money not justly due, - the same rule obtains.3 In the case just referred to, as in the case of the conversion of specific money, it is obvious that the count to be used is that for money had and received to the plaintiff's use. If the deceit consists in inducing one to render services to the wrongdoer, the count for work and labor should of course be employed.

1 Janes v. Buzzard, 1834, Hemp. (U. S. Superior Ct. Ark.) 240; Fed. Cas., No. 7206 a; Fanson p. Linsley, 1878, 20 Kan. 235, (use of threshing machine); Stockett v. Watkins' Admrs., 1830, 2 Gill & J. (Md.) 326; 20 Am. Dec. 438, (slaves). And see Hambly v. Trott, 1877, Cowp. 371, 377; McSorley v. Faulkner, 1892, 18 N. Y. Supp. 460. Contra: Wynne v. Latham, 1859, 6 Jones L. (51 N. C.) 329.

2 Crow v. Boyd's Admrs., 1849, 17 Ala. 51, (slaves).

3Burton v. Driggs, 1873, 20 Wall. (U. S.) 125; Dashaway Assn. v. Rogers, 1889, 79 Cal. 211; 21 Pac. 742; Minor v. Baldridge, 1898, 123 Cal. 187; 55 Pac. 783; Donovan v. Purtell, 1905, 216 111. 629; 75 N. E. 334; 1 L. R. A. (N. S.) 176; Warner v. Cammack, 1873, 37 la. 642; Jones v. Inness, 1884, 32 Kan. 177; 4 Pac. 95; Johnson v. Seymour, 1890, 79 Mich. 156; 44 N. W. 344; Byard v. Holmes, 1868, 33 N. J. L. 119; Cory v. Freeholders of Somerset, 1885, 47 N. J. L. 181; Sarasohn v. Miles, 1900, 52 App. Div. 628; 65 N. Y. Supp. 108, aff. 1901, 169 N. Y. 573; 61 N. E. 1134; Stroud v. Life Ins. Co., 1908, 148 N. C. 54; 61 S. E. 626; Brundred v. Rice, 1892, 49 Oh. St. 640; 32 N. E. 169; 34 Am. St. Rep. 589; Williams v. Smith, 1909, 29 R. I. 562; 72 Atl. 1093; Mathers v. Pearson, 1825, 13 Serg. & R. (Pa.) 258; Humbird v. Davis, 1904, 210 Pa. St. 311; 59 Atl. 1082; James v. Hodsden, 1874, 47 Vt. 127; Johnson v. Cate, 1905, 77 Vt. 218; 56 Atl. 830; Western Assurance Co. v. Towle, 1886, 65 Wis. 247; 26 N. W. 104.