This section is from the book "Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing", by Thos. E. Hill. Also available from Amazon: Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America.
UNDER a feeling of Disgust, the head and body are turned away from the object; the lower limbs are parted, with the feet at right angles, the left being advanced; the forehead and the eyebrows are contracted; the mouth is slightly open; the eyes indicate the feeling within; the left hand is held partly in front of the face, with the fingers extended and the palm outward, as if pushing away the hated object, while the tongue utters a short and sharp guttural exclamation.
Example - "She did not all too early die..
IMBUED with Earnestness, the entire form stands erect; the brow is expanded; the eyes express sincerity and a desire to convince the hearers of the truth and importance of the subject under discussion; the chest is thrown well forward; the lower limbs are slightly parted, with the feet at right angles; the left arm is extended, with open hand; the right hand is closed, and the voice is full and distinct, and moderate or elevated, as the theme or the feelings may suggest.
Example - "Ye call me chief; and ye do well to call him chief, who for twelve long years has met upon the arena every shape of man or beast the broad empire of Rome could furnish, and who never yet lowered his arm. If there be one among you who can say that ever, in public fight or private brawl, my actions did belie my tongue, let him stand forth, and say it. If there be three in all your company dare face me on the bloody sands, let them come on."
WHEN the individual is moved with Anger, the head is erect; the eye burns and flashes; the lips are compressed; the brows contracted, the nostrils are distended ; the body is convulsed with passion, the fists are clinched; and the lower limbs are spread, with one foot strongly planted in advance of the other; the voice is either low or suppressed, or harsh, loud and quick; the whole appearance indicates agitation, fierceness and conflict, and every movement indicates energy.
Example - " Now imitate the action of the tiger,
And bend up every spirit to its full height." "In the contempt and anger of his lip."
WITH the sense of Dignity, or self-valuation, the head is held erect, or thrown slightly back; the form. is straightened and raised to its fullest height; the forehead is expanded; the eyebrows are raised; the eyes indicate a subdued fierceness; the lips are compressed, and the countenance firm; the arms are folded across the chest, or the left hand is thrust into the bosom; the lower limbs are straight and together, with the feet at right angles ; the movements are slow and methodical.
Example - "I am a Roman citizen..Here,in your capital, do I defy you. Have I not conquered your armies, fired your towns, and dragged your generals at my chariot wheels, since first my youthful arms could wield a spear? And do you think to see me crouch and cower before a tamed and shattered senate? The tearing of flesh and rending of sinews is but pastime compared with the mental agony that heaves my frame."
EXCITED with joyous Expectation, the chin is thrown forward; the eyes open,and beaming with anticipation, are directed towards the desired object; the countenance and lips express earnestness; the body inclines towards the object; the hands are clasped; one foot is advanced; the movements are slow and graceful; the voice is cheerful and moderate; the forehead is unwrink-led, and the expression, not only of the countenance, but of the whole being, is pleasing.
Example - "There has fallen a splendid tear
From the passion-flower at the gate.
She is coming, my dove, my dear:
She is coming, my life, my fate;
The red rose cries, 'she is near, she is near,
The larkspur listens, 'I hear, I hear,'
And the lily whispers, 'I wait.' "
BORNE down with a feeling of Despair, the head is bowed, the chin resting upon the breast; the eyebrows are depressed; the eyes are rolled downward and express agony; the muscles of the face are convulsed and tremulous; the mouth is opened; the nostrils are expanded; the hands are tightly clasped, or wrung as if in pain; the teeth gnash; the body sways violently to and fro; the voice, if heard at all, is little better than a groan, and the breath is a succession of sighs.
Example - "O my offence is rank, it smells to heaven; It hath the primal eldest curse upon 't, A brother's murder! - Pray I cannot, Though inclination be as sharp as will; My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent; And, like a man to double business bound, I halt in pause where I shall first begin."
DISTRACTED by Fear, the head is thrown forward, especially the chin; the eyes stare wildly at the object; then turn away; the shoulders are elevated; the body shrinks and contracts; the lower limbs are relaxed and droop, with one foot thrown back; the hands are contracted, with the palms outward, in front of the breast; there is a convulsive motion of the chest, the breathing is explosive, and the voice is rapid, high and broken. Fear causes the form and limbs to contract.
Example - "In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falleth on men, fear came upon me, and trembling, which made all my bones to shake. Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up; it stood still, but I could not discern the form thereof; an image was before my eyes; there was silence, and I heard a voice saying, Shall mortal man be more just than God? - shall a man be more pure than his Maker?"
IN the act of Supplication, the head is held back; the eyes, lips and countenance express earnestness; the body is bent forward; the hands are either spread heavenward, are clasped, or wrung, in intense emotion; one or both knees are bent to the ground; the movements are still or restless, according to the condition of the mind, and the voice is regulated by the same influence - sometimes slow, moderately fast, low and pleading, or high and exultant with praise and thanksgiving.
Example - " 'Gilchie Manito, the mighty,'
Cried he, with his face uplifted,
O Father ! -
Give us food, or we must perish;
Give me food for Minnehaha!
For my dying Minnehaha!' "