This section is from the book "Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: A Guide To Correct Writing", by Thos. E. Hill. Also available from Amazon: Hill's Manual Of Social And Business Forms: The How-To-Do-Everything Book Of Victorian America.
Ail, Ale. Ail, unwell; Ale, a liquor.
All, Awl. All, everyone; Awl, shoemaker's tool.
Bear, Bare. Bear, wild animal; Bare, naked.
Bier, Beer. Bier, frame for carrying corpse; Beer, a malt liquor.
Bore, Boar. Bore, carried, or to make a hole; Boar, the male swine. Birth, Berth. Birth, to be born; Berth, sleeping place. Bee, Be. Bee, an insect; Be, is used in every other instance. Call, Caul. Call, to visit, or shout after; Caul, the covering on the heads of some children when born. Currant, Current. Currant, a fruit; Current, a stream. Draft, Draught. Draft, commercial form, or current of air;
Draught, to draw a load, or a drink. Dear, Deer. Dear, not cheap, term of affection; Deer, an animal. Fourth, Forth. Fourth, next after third; Forth, forward. Four, Fore. Four, the number after three; Fore, the front. Great, Grate. Great, large; Grate, fire support in the stove. Hail, Hale. Hail, to shout after, frozen rain; Hale, vigorous. Hear, Here. Hear, to understand; Here, in this place. Hole, Whole. Hole, an opening; Whole, entire, complete. I, Eye. I, myself, used thus it should always be a capital;
Eye, organ of sight. Know, No. Know, to understand; No, a denial. Lief, Leaf. Lief, willingly; Leaf, part of a tree. More, Moor, Moore. More, in addition; Moor, a piece of waste land; Moore, a man's name.
None, Nun. None, not any; Nun, a female who secludes herself from all worldly affairs. Piece, Peace. Piece, a bit; Peace, quietness. Pare, Pear, Pair. Pare, to peel; Pear, a fruit; Pair, two. Rain, Rein, Reign. Rain, water falling from clouds; Rein, a strap for guiding a horse; Reign, to rule. Reed, Read. Reed, a kind of tall grass; Read, the act of reading. Red, Read. Red, a color; Read, past tense of read. Sign, Sine. Sign, a token; Sine, a mathematical term. There, Their. There, in that place; Their, a personalpronoun. TOW, Toe. Tow, rope material; Toe, a part of the foot. Vain, Vane. Vain, conceited; Vane, a weathercock. Vice, Vise. Vice, wickedness; Vise, a blacksmith's tool. Ware, Wear. Ware, goods, or earthen-ware; Wear, to make use of clothing. Write, Wright, Rite, Right. Write, to use a pen; Wright, a man's name; Rite, a ceremony; Right, not wrong. Wrote, Rote. Wrote, having written; Rote, to repeat from memory. You, Yew, Ewe. You, yourself; Yew, a tree; Ewe, female sheep. Blew, Blue. Blew, having blown; Blue, a color. Made, Maid. Made, formed; Maid, female servant. Pail, Pale. Pail, a vessel; Pale, white.
Words having prefixes and suffixes of different spelling, while having each the same or nearly the same pronunciation.
ible and able.
The following words end in idle. Most other words of similar pronunciation end in able.
The following words end in able :
The following words in spelling begin with Im. Other words of similar pronunciation begin with Em.
ise and ize.
The following words terminate with ise. Other words of like pronunciation terminate with ize.
Words ending in d, de, ge, mit, rt, se, or ss, take sion in derivatives. Other words of similar pronunciation in their ending are usually spelled with tion.
Impulsion, Incursion, Intrusion, Propulsion,
Recension, Recursion, Remission, Revision,
Revulsion, Tension, Transcursion, Version.
Exceptional words. Coercion, Suspicion, Crucifixion.
Words in En.
Words in In.
Words ending in eive.
Words ending in ieve.
Nouns which change f or fe into ves in the plural.
Nouns ending in f or fe in which S is only used in the plural.
Nouns ending in eau, ieu, and ou, terminate the plural in x.
Beaux, Bureaux, Chapeaux, Chateaux,
Flambeaux, Rondeaux, Plateaux, Bijoux,
Morceaux, Rouleaux, Tableaux,