Cut two pieces of cardboard the desired size of the book. Cut cover paper which may be decorated paper, wall paper or cloth, as large as the cardboard plus one inch all the way around. Miter the corners by cutting away pieces at corners, pull up and paste edges down. For lining paper and pages use a strip of wrapping paper one-half inch narrower than length of book and fold into pleats one-half inch narrower than width of book. Paste the two ends of the wrapping paper to the inside of the covers and press until dry. This book is excellent for pictures. Suitable for middle and upper grades.
1. Cut two pieces of cardboard the desired size of folio. Cover these with cloth or decorated paper as shown for the mat on page 93. Line the boards with a plain harmonizing paper. Press until thoroughly dry. With a knife cut four slits in each cardboard and run flat tape or shoestring in as shown on page 100. Suitable for middle or upper grades.
An accordion book showing pages made of wrapping paper. A simple portfolio made from two pieces of heavy cardboard, decorated wrapping paper and two pieces of flat tape.
2. Cut two pieces of cardboard the size of desired folio. Choose cloth for left edge or back of folio and paper for the remainder. Lay the cardboards on the cloth with as much space between them as is desired for the thickness of the folio. This is the hinge. Paste cardboard to cloth, pull in ends at top and bottom and paste a second piece of cloth over the inside of the hinge. Cut the cover paper large enough to reach over hinges as far as desired and extend one inch beyond edges at top, bottom and other side. Miter the corners by cutting away a piece at each corner. Paste the paper to the right side of the cardboard, pull up the edges and paste on back at top, bottom and then side. Cut a slit through the cardboard near what will be the right edge of the folio, slip a flat piece of tape through this and paste to inside cardboard. Paste lining paper over both sides of folio. Press under a pile of books. Suitable for middle and upper grades.
Construction of a portfolio with a cloth hinge at the back.
Use two large envelopes that have not been sealed. Those in which advertisements are sent will do, the writing on the front does not show, only the back need be unsoiled. Cut two pieces of cardboard one-half inch longer and one-half inch wider than the envelopes. Paste cardboard on decorated paper, wall paper or cloth with one-half to one inch space between for a hinge. Cover the hinge with a piece of adhesive tape or cloth. Let the cover paper project over the edge of the cardboard about one inch all the way around. Pull up edges of cover to wrong side and paste down. Cover inside of hinge with a piece of the cover paper. Put paste on the front of the two envelopes, leaving about one-fourth inch all the way around without paste, and paste them in place. Press under a weight. A file may be made with a loose leaf cover as described on page 96 using large envelopes for the pages. Suitable for middle and upper grades.
Cut small pieces of cardboard any desired shape. Paste on decorated paper, pieces of colored magazine advertisements, envelope linings, or scraps of colored paper leaving about one-half inch all the way around cardboard. Slit this margin and cut out sections of it so it will pull up and paste neatly to the back of the cardboard. Cut a lining paper slightly smaller than the cardboard and paste on back. Press until dry then punch a hole in the top and run in a string to hang to curtain. String may be braided or knotted as shown on page 104. Suitable for all grades.
A clipping file made from two pieces of cardboard, decorated wrapping paper and two large envelopes. Curtain pulls made from cardboard and decorated paper. How to knot string for an attractive cord.
Draw the head on wrapping paper with white chalk. Trace this pattern to heavy cardboard and cut out. Draw in features with crayon. The mane may be made of untwisted old yarn or rope. Use two long pieces of wood for the stick. Nail the head between two ends of these sticks. Nail a small block of wood between the sticks near the other ends and nail a wheel between these two ends. The wheel may be one from a discarded toy or it may be made of heavy cardboard or wood. Make the reins by braiding heavy string or narrow strips of rags. Suitable for middle grades.
Cut a circle of cardboard not larger than three inches in diameter. Cover with any kind of paper as shown on page 106. Line the back with the same kind of paper. Stick the pins all round the edges of the wheel. This might be made of plain paper and have a flower or other design in colored paper on each side. Suitable for lower grades.
A stick horse with a cardboard head. A pin wheel made from heavy cardboard and paper.