The hand-cart shown in Figs. 1 and 2 is very shallow and light in construction. The sizes of, the various parts are shown in the illustrations, but space does not permit full instructions on dressing up the material and the method of framing it together. The bottom framing should be of English oak. The bottom-sides A (Fig. 1) are 21 in. wide by 1; in. thick, the ear-bed B (Figs, land 2) is 2 1/4 in. deep by 1 1/2in. thick, and the front capping-bar C (Fig. 1) 2in. wide by l 1/2 in. deep; two centre summers, 1 5/8 in. deep by l 1/2in. wide, are framed in as shown at D (Fig. 2). The corner pillars E (Figs. 1 and 2) are of English ash, I 1/2 in. square; the hind one is stump-tenoned into the ear-bed, and when fixed for good has a light strap bolt let in to fix it down. The front corner pillar is stump-tenoned into the capping-bar, and has a bare 3/8in. bolt running through to keep the whole together. The side hoards F (Fig. 1) are 3 in. deep by 1 in. thick, and are let into the pillars level on the inside, hard down on the bottom sides, to which they are fixed by screws. The top rails G (Figs. 1 and 2) are 1 1/4 in. deep by 1 1/2 in. wide, framed to the pillars as shown; the iron rods H are 1/4 in. round, let into the board at the bottom and into the top rail 3/8 in. The front cross rail J (Fig. 1) is of the same size as the side rails, being notched down bare Jin. to the side rails, and is fixed by the bolt through the pillar. To strengthen the back part, shore-stays K (Fig. 2), having a flap at the top part to screw on to the pillar and top rail, are fixed. The door is made as shown in Fig. 2, and is hung with 3 1/2-in. wrought-iron butts having brass pins or rivets, which will prevent corrosion. The door may be fastened with a hook and eye on the inside, or a pin and plate on the top rail. The handles L (Fig. 1) are 2in. deep by 1 1/2in. wide, bolted on the inside of the bottom side with three 5/16-in. bolts, projecting at the front end a distance of 2 ft. 14 in., at which point a cross-bar M (Fig. 1) is notched on and bolted down. The legs N (Fig. 1) are made of 1/2-in. round iron, but the bottom parts are rather stouter; they are fixed underneath the handles at the front part, and beneath the bottom side at the back end. In the centre a light round iron stay 0 (Fig. 1) is secured by a bolt end through the boss at the lower part of the side leg, the stay being swept up so as to fix underneath the centre of the capping-bar C (Fig. 1). The swinging leg P (Figs. 1 and 2) at the back is also of 1/2-in. round iron, and is attached to the body by two staples R (Fig. 2) fixed into the bottom of the ear-bed. To the leg is attached a light iron rod S (Fig. 1), which fastens on a hook at the front end, and when not in use the leg is drawn up, as indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. 1. The springs are 3 ft. long to the centre of the eyes, and the compass from the centre of the eyes to over the last plate T (Fig. 1) is -fin. There are four plates 1 1/4in. wide. The scroll irons 0 (Figs. 1 and 2) are 2 1/2in. deep at the front part and 3 1/2in. deep at the back, and are attached to the springs by bare 3/9-in. bolts, with shackles at the back end: when fixed in place, the springs should measure 2ft. luiu. outside. The axle is secured on each side by two 5/16-in. bolts V (Fig. 1), and if cycle-pattern wheels are used there should be a clear space of 3 1/2in. between the spring bearing and the collar of the axle. The wheels are 3 ft. high. The bottom boards, of 3/4-in. red deal, are run crossways of the body, flush with the top of the ear-bed.
Fig. 2. Making a Hand-cart.