The forms of bedsteads are so numerous, and at the same time, so well known, as to render description at once tedious and unnecessary; we shall, therefore, merely notice a bedstead designed especially for the use of invalids. It is the invention of Mr. Rawlins, of Pentonville, and is named by him the Patent Invalid Bedstead. In the engraving in the next page, which is a perspective representation of this invention, A represents the bedstead; B, swing frame, showing the head and foot frames raised; C, rising head frame; D, rising foot frame; E in the figures underneath shows the elevation of the knee-joint; F, folding side frame. The patient lies on the mattress on the swing-frame, which may rest on the mattress beneath; or, if desirable to be softer, on a bed; and, for the convenience of performing the offices of nature with cleanliness and comfort, the swing-frame is raised up by turning the handles at the head and foot of the bedstead (one, or both, as the occasion may require), so as to admit a bed-pan to be placed beneath a circular hole in the mattress (the cushion which fastens in underneath with a buckle and strap having been previously removed).

By raising the swing frame higher, the bed beneath can be shaken up without inconvenience to the patient.

In asthmatic and other complaints, where a difficulty of breathing is experienced, the rising head frame may be elevated so as to give the utmost relief the nature of the disorder will admit of. As persons long confined to bed grow weary of lying in one position, a change may be readily obtained by the aid of the attendants, and, in some cases without it. If, for example, it is wished to raise the feet, the attendant raises the rising foot frame by the hand hole in the foot board, and the swing bracket fixed beneath drops into the racks cut on each side of the swing frame, and supports it at the desired elevation; again, if the knees require to be raised, the frame is raised as shown in the figure E, the ends of the frame dropping into the rack before-mentioned; if it is wished to raise and support the body on one side, the folding frame being introduced between the mattress and the swing frame, and the upper leaf of it raised, the patient is quietly turned on his side, and supported in that position by the bracket dropping into the racks cut in the lower leaf as shown in the figure F; in short, the apparatus may be arranged to suit any position which may be desired; and for the accommodation it affords to the-invalid, and for the facility with which the requisite changes are effected, we think this apparatus superior to any invention of the kind which has come under our notice.

Bedstead 161Bedstead 162