(1) Joints for lengthening ties, struts, and beams; lapping, fishing, scarfing, tabling, building-up; (2) Bearing-joints for beams : halving, notching, cogging, dovetailing, tusk-tenoning, housing, chase-mortising; (3) Joints for posts and beams: tenon, joggle, bridle, housing; (4) Joints for struts with ties and posts: oblique tenon, bridle, toe-joint; (5) Miscellaneous : butting, mitreing, rebating.