This section is from the book "Spons' Mechanics' Own Book: A Manual For Handicraftsmen And Amateurs", by Edward Spon. Also available from Amazon: Spons' Mechanics' Own Book.
(32) Dissolve 6 oz. pearlash in 1 qt. hot water, add \ lb. white wax, and simmer for 1/2 hour in a pipkin; take off the fire; and when cool, the wax will float; it should be taken off, and, with a little hot water, worked into a paste.
(33) Beeswax, spirits of turpentine, and linseed oil, equal parts; melt and cool.
(35) Digest 2 dr. alkanet root in 20 oz. turpentine till the colour is imparted; add yellow wax in shavings, 4 oz.; place on a water bath and stir till the mixture is complete.
(36) Beeswax, 1 lb.; linseed oil, 5 oz.; alkanet root, 1/2 oz.; melt, add 5 oz. of turpentine, strain and cool.
(37) Beeswax, 4 oz.; resin, 1 oz.; oil of turpentine, 2 oz.; Venetian red to colour.
(38) I lb. white wax; 1 oz. black resin; 1 oz. alkanet root; and 10 oz. linseed oil.
(39) 1 lb. yellow wax, 2 oz. yellow soap, 2 pints spirits of turpentine, 2 pints boiling water; melt the wax and soap over a slow fire, add the turpentine, and lastly stir in the water gently till it is quite cold.
(40) 1 1/2 lb. beeswax, 4 pints spirits of turpentine; dissolve in a closed vessel by means of a water bath, and add 1/2 lb. common soap previously dissolved in 4 pints water, and stir well together till nearly cold.
(41) 5 oz. yellow wax, 1 pint turps, 1 1/2 oz. Castile soap; cut the beeswax in small pieces, and dissolve in the turps by a gentle heat; when nearly cool, add the soap ( first powdered and rubbed up with 2 oz. water), stirring continually till it becomes thick.
(42) 2 1/2 oz. yellow wax, 1 oz. white wax, 1 oz. Castile soap, 10 oz. turpentine oil, 10 oz. boiling water, 1 dr. potash carbonate; melt the wax and turpentine together, dissolve the soap and potash carbonate in* the water and mix while warm, stirring till cold.
(43) Beat 5 lb. stearin out into thin sheets with a wooden mallet, and mix with 7 lb. oil of turpentine, after which subject the mas3 to a water bath and heat up; when hot, add 1/2 oz. ivory- or bone-black, stirring well to prevent crystallization. To cool it off, it should be emptied into another vessel and stirred until cold. To use, warm it until it is reduced to a liquid state, and apply in small quantities with a cloth; afterwards rub it well with a piece of silk or linen cloth to bring up the polish.
(44) A good polish for furniture, to use upon new wood for hand polishing, in place of French polish, but one that requires constant manual labour, may be made of beeswax and turpentine spirit melted together, with red sanders wood to colour it. This has been tried for many years and well repays the trouble attending it. It should not be used upon work that has been French polished, but the following will be found better than most that can be bought for reviving the brilliancy of French-polished goods. Take equal parts of turpentine, vinegar, spirits of wine (methylated), and raw linseed oil, and place them in a bottle in the order in which they are mentioned; great care must be taken in this last particular, if not, the mixture will curdle and become useless. (Smither..
(45) Derby cream is made by adding 6 oz. linseed oil to 3 oz. acetic acid. This is agitated well, and 1/2 oz. butter of antimony and 3 oz. methylated spirit are added.
(40) Soft water, 1 gal.; soap, 4 oz.; beeswax in shavings, 1 lb. Boil together, and add 2 oz. pearlash. To be diluted with water, laid on with a paint brush, and polished off with a hard brush or cloth.
(47) Wax, 3 oz.; pearlash, 2 oz.; water, 6 oz. Heat together, and add 4 oz. boiled oil and 5 oz. spirits of turpentine. (4S) The name is sometimes given to a mixture of 1 oz. white or yellow wax with 4 of oil of turpentine.
(49) Rain-water, 1 gill; spirits of wine, 1 gill; beeswax, 1 oz.; pale yellow soap, 1 oz. Cut the wax and soap into thin slices, and boil them in the rain-water until dissolved. Take off the fire, and occasionally stir till cold. Afterwards add spirits of wine, bottle, and it is ready for use. The above compound should be applied with a piece of flannel, and afterwards rubbed with a soft cotton cloth.
(50) Useful for family use : - 1 oz. beeswax, 1/4 oz. white wax, 1 oz. Castile soap. The whole to be shred very fine, and a pint of boiling water poured upon it; when cold, add 1/2 pint turpentine and 1/2 pint spirits of wine; mix well together. To be rubbed well into the furniture with one cloth and polished with another.
(51) Pearlash, 1 oz.; water, 8 oz.; beeswax (genuine), 6 oz. Mix with heat, and add sufficient water to reduce it to the consistency of cream. For use, add more water, and spread it on the wood with a painters' brush. Let it dry, and polish with a hard brush or cloth. If white wax is used, it may be applied to polish plaster casts, statues, etc.
(52) 2 gal. raw linseed oil, 1 1/2 gal. turpentine, 1/4 lb. dragons' blood, 1/4 lb. rosin, lb. alum, 2 oz. iodide potassium, 1/2 lb. sulphuric acid, 8 oz. nitric acid; using avoirdupois weight for the dragons' blood, rosin, alum, iodide potassium, and sulphuric acid; common wine or liquid measure for the oil and turpentine; apothecaries' measure for the nitric acid. The directions for preparing the polish are as follows: - First, put the oil and turpentine into an earthen vessel; then pulverizo the dragons' blood, rosin, alum, and iodide potassium to a fine powder. Stir this powder slowly into the oil and turpentine; then add the sulphuric acid, slowly, stirring continually. Let this mixture stand 10 hours, then add the nitric acid. Slowly stir the mixture while adding. Apply with a sponge or cloth.
(53) Messer, of Berlin, dissolves 6 3/4 lb. shellac in about 28 pints pure spirit (alcohol), and then mixes this with another obtained by dissolving 25 dr. gun cotton in 25 dr. high-grade sulphuric ether to which is added 12 1/2 dr. camphor and enough 96 per cent. alcohol to completely dissolve the mass. This polish is finally rubbed up with pure linseed oil. To 100 parts of it, 5 parts of a saturated solution of camphor in oil of rosemary are then added. A very dilute solution of benzole in alcohol is used for polishing off.