Experience in pattern building has brought into use a number of helpful appliances and methods which greatly assist efficiency and rapidity of work, and which are mentioned specifically in this and the two paragraphs following.

The work bench is the center of the pattern maker's activities. This bench is particularly designed and equipped for his convenience in saving time. Essential fittings are (1) the bench vise, (2) the adjustable bench stop against which work is held for planing, (3) the bench hook for steadying work while sawing, chiseling, boring, etc., (4) the miter box to guide the saw in cross cutting a piece at angle of 30°, 45% 60°, or 90° to its length, and (5) a rack at the back of the bench on which tools can be placed in a certain order for finding them readily.