A not very promising substance to embroider with is chenille. It came into use in the latter half of the seventeenth century, and was still in fashion in the time of Marie Antoinette. The use of it is shown in Illustration 75 (Shading In Chain-Stitch), where the darker touches of the roses are worked in it. Chenille seems to have been used instead of smooth silk, much as in certain old-fashioned water-colour paintings gum was used with the paint, or over it, to deepen the shadows. The material is used again in the wreath on Illustration 76 (Shading In Short Stitches). It is worked there in chain-stitch with the tambour needle : it may also be worked in satin-stitch ; but the more obvious way of using it is to couch it, cord by cord, with fine silk thread. There is this against chenille, that its texture is not sympathetic to the touch, and that there is a stuffy look about it always. Nor does it seem ever quite to belong to the smooth satin ground on which it is worked.