The underlying idea in all education is development of intelligence and formation of character.

Towards this end, the training of the hand and the eye has to be reckoned with. One method of instruction lies through that ancient and cheap tool - the needle - which gives the Form of stitchery; and through material, which gives the Colour used in construction and decoration.

Which become one by means of Art.

Now, the whole world is plastic, up to a certain point, for the child, and since material in needlecraft is pliable - be it leather or flannel, cotton or silk - the imagination of the child is stirred and curiosity plays freely.

Without curiosity, no conjecture is possible - a point to be noted from the start in all experimental work. The boy or girl who uses material and needle freely in independent design (shoe, cap, chemise, coverlet) ranks on a plane with the scientist who makes a hypothesis, with the artist who makes an experiment.

And the Form and Colour depend upon the muscular sensibility of the eye. The eye is developed gradually, and we learn to use it but slowly.

The child at 6 years is long-sighted, approaching nearer and nearer to normal vision, till, about 11 years of age, the eye becomes finally accommodated to normal vision.

Only then, and very sparingly, should be used white thread on a white background or any other self tones. It is no more intelligible than drawing with white chalk on a white board, and it throws a strain on eye and temper for every child.

Not till between 11 and 12 years is the awakening power of the skill of the hand felt, when it should be seized at once and properly directed. During the feeble time, between 6 and 11 years, while the hand and eye are developing and the imagination is strong, the sense of form is big, the sense of colour bright.

All have been artists till now, but specialization in other subjects may come in. Continuing our subject, however, the craft of the needle becomes not merely a doing, but from this point it may become a personal development both of knowledge and experience. From 12-14 years inclusive, the acquirement of skill continues, yet it is a period of easy fatigue.

While the acquirement of skill goes on slowly, the girl or boy makes up for that by a greater intelligence, which is much needed at the beginning of the next momentous period, known as " Adolescence."

Thus, any scheme between 6 and 14 years must be guided by 1. The attainment of normal vision at or about 11 years.

2. The nascent power of the skill of the hand between 11 and 12 years.

3. The necessity {or freedom in experimental work.

4. The graciousness of Art, by which we approach the utilitarian.

" Beauty must come back to the useful arts, and the distinction between the fine and the useful arts be forgotten."